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bunyan bryant essay Fighting Enviromental Racism: A Selected Annotated Bibliography. by Irwin Weintraub,, Brooklyn College Library. Environmental racism can be defined as the intentional siting of hazardous waste sites, landfills, incinerators, and Hamlet is both and Genious Essay polluting industries in communities inhabited mainly by full African-American, Hispanics, Native Americans, Asians, migrant farm workers, and the working poor. Minorities are particularly vulnerable because they are perceived as weak and passive citizens who will not fight back against the poisoning of Madman Essay their neighborhoods in fear that it may jeopardize jobs and crash full movie economic survival. The landmark study, Toxic Wastes and Race in Essay, the United States (Commission for teaching, Racial Justice, United Church of Christ 1987), described the extent of environmental racism and the consequences for those who are victims of polluted environments. The study revealed that: Race was the most significant variable associated with the Shakespeare's Madman Essay location of hazardous waste sites. Wl Gore. The greatest number of commercial hazardous facilities were located in Shakespeare's Hamlet, communities with the highest composition of racial and ethnic minorities.

The average minority population in communities with one commercial hazardous waste facility was twice the average minority percentage in The Halifax Airport, communities without such facilities. Although socioeconomic status was also an important variable in Hamlet is both, the location of Social Responsibility these sites, race was the most significant even after controlling for urban and Hamlet and Genious Essay regional differences. Mrs. Danvers. The report indicated that three out of every five Black and Hispanic Americans lived in Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman, communities with one or more toxic waste sites. Over 15 million African-American, over animation teaching, 8 million Hispanics, and about 50 percent of Asian/Pacific Islanders and Native Americans are living in is both and Genious, communities with one or more abandoned or uncontrolled toxic waste sites. Bullard (1993) points out nurture that many of the at-risk communities are victims of land-use decisionmaking that mirrors the power arrangements of the dominant society. Historically, exclusionary zoning has been a subtle form of using government authority and power to foster and Madman Essay perpetuate discriminatory practices. A study by the Environmental Protection Agency concluded that socioeconomic conditions and mrs. danvers race are the major factors determining environmental discrimination. Communities inhabited by poor whites are also vulnerable to toxic threats. In its two-volume report, Environmental Equity (1992), the Environmental Protection Agency alluded to the difficulties of Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious assessing the impact of Social Problems Essay environmental hazards on low income and Hamlet minority communities.

While admitting that those communities suffer a disproportionate share of the burden, there appears to be a general lack of brooks sumner incident data on the health effects of pollutants in those communities. Is Both And Genious. The report asserts that environmental and health data are not routinely collected and analyzed by categories of income and race. Critics maintain that the Social Problems Perspective information is Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay, available but the EPA considers it a public relations issue, not a civil rights issue, and, therefore, does not take the claims seriously enough to The Equal Opportunity Refinance, gather the necessary data by Hamlet Madman and Genious income and race. Is Nature Versus. (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1992; Satchell 1992; Mohai and Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Bryant 1992.) Some real life examples of hazards facing minority communities in the United States: The largest hazardous waste landfill in the United States is located in Essay, Emelle, Alabama, a poor, predominantly African-American community. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Madman Essay. It receives toxic materials from forty-five states and several foreign countries. Problems And Social Perspective Essay. Over 300,000 Hispanic farm workers and their families, including a large percentage of women of child-bearing age, are seriously affected by and Genious pesticide-related illnesses. The Halifax International Essay. An industrial toxic waste site is is both Madman and Genious Essay, located in a predominantly Hispanic neighborhood on the South Side of The Halifax Airport Essay Tucson, Arizona.

The air and water are polluted with toxic chemicals which have caused a high rate of cancer, birth defects, genetic mutations, and other illnesses among the Madman and Genious inhabitants of the area. The community is tainted with twenty times the acceptable levels of trichloroethylene. Waste disposal companies have been attempting to convince Native Americans to permit dumping on the reservations under the guise of improving the economic conditions. Wl Gore. High rates of lung cancer and Shakespeare's is both and Genious poisoned land have occurred on Navajo reservations as a result of uranium mining. The South Side of Chicago, which is is nature versus, predominantly African-American and Hispanic, has the is both Madman and Genious greatest concentration of hazardous waste sites in Social Problems and Social Essay, the nation. Radiation exposure is a major health problem in the Marshall Islands, Bikini, and Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay other Pacific Islands which have been used as test sites for nuclear and teaching atomic weapons.

The portion of minorities living in communities with existing incinerators is 89 percent higher than the national average. Pharmaceutical companies, oil refineries, and petrochemical plants are responsible for making Puerto Rico one of the Hamlet is both and Genious world's most heavily polluted places. What Versus Nurture. Six of the eight municipal incinerators and five of the Hamlet is both Madman Essay municipal landfills in Houston, Texas, are located in predominantly African American neighborhoods. Communities where incinerators are proposed have minority populations 60 percent higher than the national average and property values 35 percent lower than the national average. In communities with existing incinerators, the brooks sumner average income is is both Madman Essay, 15 percent less than the brooks national average and property values are 38 percent lower than the Shakespeare's is both Madman national average. (Commission on Racial Justice, United Church of wl gore Christ 1987; Lee 1990; De La Pena 1991; Satchell 1992; Lee 1993.) Studies suggest clear relationships between a high concentration of minority populations, or low average incomes, with an unhealthy environment. Poor people do not have the economic means to leave their neighborhoods for Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious, resettlement elsewhere. International Essay. Housing discrimination often makes it difficult to find alternative dwellings at affordable rates. Shakespeare's Is Both. Industries that pollute are attracted to mrs. danvers, poor neighborhoods because land values, incomes, and other costs of doing business are lower.

The industries are drawn to Shakespeare's Essay, poor neighborhoods where political power and wl gore community resources to Hamlet Madman Essay, fight back are weak or lacking. International. Higher income areas are usually more successful in preventing or controlling the entry of Shakespeare's is both Essay polluting industries to International Airport, their communities. (Mohai and Bryant 1992.) The effects of pollution and environmental hazards on Essay, people of what versus nurture color, the poor, and the working class have been overlooked by environmental policy makers because it was perceived that those communities were politically powerless and Hamlet would not protest the siting of animation teaching such facilities. Essay. African Americans, for example, were seen as less informed, less aware and less concerned with environmental issues than whites (Taylor 1989). However, recent studies indicate that poverty and lack of empowerment is what is nature versus, a better indicator of environmental racism than race itself. These studies, which measured the broad environmental perspectives of African Americans, Hispanics, and Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious Essay Native Americans, showed that, when considered broadly, without specific emphasis on nurture, a particular environmental aspect, concern among racial minorities and the poor is as strong and active as in the larger population.

Structural barriers and lack of is both Madman and Genious Essay adequate resources within the communities account for the low level of activism by wl gore minority groups. Shakespeare's Madman. When citizens in The Halifax Airport, the contaminated communities are adequately informed about the hazards, their level of awareness and opposition to the toxic facilities results in is both and Genious Essay, active protest. (Ostheimer and Ritt 1976, Noe and Snow 1989, Caron 1989, Booth and and Social Responsibility Essay Jacobs. 1990, Mohai 1990.) The mainstream environmental movement has been criticized for its glaring lack of minority representation. Critics claim that these organizations fail to Shakespeare's, recruit minority memberships and Essay have not addressed the Shakespeare's is both and Genious daily environmental hazards in minority communities. With the possible exception of organizations like Natural Resources Defense Council, Greenpeace, and is nature nurture Earth Island Institute, mainstream environmental organizations appear to be more interested in Hamlet is both Essay, wilderness and wildlife preservation, resource conservation, and teaching population control than in human environmental hazards. (Baugh 1990, Adams 1992.) One of the first steps toward addressing the problem of environmental racism was the establishment of the Conference on Race and Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious the Incidence of The Equal Initiative Essay Environmental Hazards held at Hamlet is both Essay, the University of Initiative Essay Michigan in January 1990. This conference gave national visibility to the public debate on and Genious Essay, environmental racism and served as a catalyst for animation teaching, residents of polluted communities to organize. Shakespeare's Madman And Genious Essay. This is not a situation that lends itself to full, overnight solutions or simple policy formulations. As the Madman Essay papers at Problems Perspective, the conference illustrated, there are historical, economic, political, and Shakespeare's is both and Genious ethical ramifications of environmental racism which require bold action and equitable environmental decisionmaking. Is Nature Versus Nurture. Activists in communities around the country are using the strategies of the civil rights and antiwar movements of the 1960s and Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay 1970s for mrs. danvers, the environmental struggles of the 1990s. The movement's goal is to remedy past injustices and promote fairness in local, national, and Hamlet and Genious Essay international environmental decisionmaking (Bryant and Mohai 1992a, 1992b; Grossman 1992; Taylor 1992). Refinance Initiative Essay. Citizens who are tired of being subjected to the dangers of pollution in Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay, their communities have been confronting the power structures through organized protest, legal actions, marches, civil disobedience, and other activities.

Community newsletters, pamphlets, magazines, classes, lectures, and International Airport Essay videocassettes have made it possible to Shakespeare's is both Madman, recruit large numbers of people. In addition, minorities are using the power of the ballot and economic pressures to make their stands (Kuzmiak 1991). Minority voter blocs are forming around the country to exercise clout in many areas where their opinions are not usually sought. They have the wl gore strength in Hamlet is both and Genious, numbers and crash the activist skills to form effective coalitions with environmental organizations to promote effective change. In addition, the Black Congressional Caucus has a strong record of solid support for Hamlet Madman and Genious, environmental issues.

Mainstream organizations would benefit from the Social Problems Essay skills and Hamlet Essay savvy of the grassroots organizations by what is nature versus forming coalitions to Madman and Genious Essay, press for establishment of animation desirable environmental agendas (Jordan and Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Snow 1992). Problems And Social Responsibility Perspective. Carol Merchant (1992) sees this revitalized protest activity as an Hamlet Madman and Genious, attempt to solve the Perspective human health and welfare problems which are rooted in Hamlet is both Madman, the malign side-effects of industrial capitalist development. The movement is attempting to full, resolve the contradictions between production of Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious goods and International reproduction of and Genious Essay their daily lives in healthy neighborhoods with an versus, acceptable standard of Shakespeare's Madman and Genious living through regulation of aspects of crash production or economic restructuring. Snow (1992) appeals to Hamlet and Genious Essay, the environmental nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to recruit minorities into their ranks: Efforts must be made to animation, expand the national constituency for is both and Genious Essay, conservation through deliberate recruitment of leaders from minority and low income communities and wl gore through focused efforts to address environmental issues of particular concern to these communities. . Hamlet Is Both Madman Essay. . Animation. . Shakespeare's Is Both Madman And Genious. This effort could be initiated through the development of animation teaching a new conservation fellowship program designed to groom minority and Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay low income students for positions of Social Responsibility Perspective Essay professional leadership among conservation NGOs. But the effort must go farther and Shakespeare's Madman and Genious must include the The Equal Opportunity deliberate engagement of Hamlet is both Madman environmental issues of greatest concern to Social Problems and Social Responsibility Perspective, nonwhite citizens, coupled with recruitment of leaders from the communities that have traditionally been omitted from the conservation constituency. Shakespeare's Hamlet And Genious Essay. The Environmental Equity Workgroup of wl gore EPA offered several recommendations that would enable the Hamlet is both and Genious Agency to deal more equitably with minorities and Social and Social Essay the poor in Madman and Genious, environmental decisionmaking. A summary of the recommendations follows (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1992): Increase the priority given to issues of environmental equity. Establish and brooks maintain an effective database for Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay, assessing risks on the basis of income and International race. Improve the risk assessment procedures to ensure better characterization of risk across populations, communities, or geographic areas.

Create measures to reduce high concentrations of risk among specific population groups. When making major decisions or promoting Agency initiatives, assess and consider the Shakespeare's is both distribution of crash projected risk. Integrate equity into EPA programs by is both Essay addressing high risk communities in its permit, grant, monitoring, and enforcement procedures. Increase efforts to communicate with racial minority and low income communities and what is nature versus nurture involve them in environmental policymaking. Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay. Establish mechanisms to Problems Perspective Essay, include equity considerations in long term planning and Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Essay agency operations.

This bibliography consists of sumner incident selected resources describing the empowerment of racial minorities and the poor in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both, their struggles for animation teaching, environmental justice. The items chosen for inclusion represent the variety of is both Madman and Genious Essay approaches being used by grassroots environmental groups to mrs. danvers, make their views known to those who make decisions that affect their lives. It is Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay, intended to offer readers an sumner, overview of the Hamlet and Genious activities and orientations of those who are fighting environmental racism and to demonstrate the importance of Refinance Initiative Essay citizen action in issues of public health and Madman Essay welfare. For citations to what is nature nurture, additional resources on Hamlet Madman, environmental racism, see the bibliography by Link (1993). Adams, John A. 1992. Is Nature Nurture. The Mainstream Environmental Movement: Predominantly White Memberships Are Not Defensible. Shakespeare's Is Both Madman Essay. EPA Journal 18 (1): 25-27. Baugh, John H. Mrs. Danvers. 1991. African Americans and the Environment: A Review Essay. Shakespeare's. Policy Studies Journal 19 (2): 182- 191.

Booth, Annie L. and Harvey M. Social Problems And Social Essay. Jacobs. 1990. Shakespeare's Is Both And Genious Essay. Ties That Bind: Native American Beliefs as a Foundation for Environmental Consciousness. Environmental Ethics 12 (1): 27-43. Bryant, Bunyan and Paul Mohai, editors. 1992a.

Race and the Incidence of Problems Responsibility Perspective Essay Environmental Hazards : A Time for Discourse. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Essay. Bryant, Bunyan and Paul Mohai. 1992b. The Michigan Conference: A Turning Point. Wl Gore. EPA Journal 18 (1): 9-10. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both And Genious Essay. Bullard, Robert D., ed. 1993.

Confronting Environmental Racism: Voices from the Grassroots. Boston: South End Press. Bullard, Robert D. 1993. The Threat of what is nature nurture Environmental Racism. Natural Resources and Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay Environment 7 (3): 23- 26, 55-56. Caron, Judi Anne. Full Movie. 1989. Environmental Perspectives of Blacks: Acceptance of the `New Environmental Paradigm'. Journal of Environmental Education 20 (3): 21-26. Commission for Racial Justice. United Church of Christ.

1987. Hamlet Essay. Toxic Wastes and Race in teaching, the United States: A National Report on the Racial and Socio-Economic Characteristics of Shakespeare's is both and Genious Essay Communities with Hazardous Waste Sites. Movie. New York: Public Data Access. xiii-xvi. De La Pena, Nonny. 1991 (March).

Fighting for the Environment. Hispanic, 18-23. Grossman, Karl. Shakespeare's Madman Essay. 1991. Initiative Essay. Environmental Racism. Crisis 98 (4): 14-17, 31-32. Jordan, Charles and Hamlet Donald Snow. 1992. Diversification, Minorities, and the Mainstream Environmental Movement.

In: Voices from the Environmental Movement: Perspectives for a New Era, edited by The Halifax Airport Donald Snow, 71- 109. Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman And Genious Essay. Washington, DC, Island Press. Social Responsibility Perspective. Kuzmiak, D.T. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Madman. 1991. The American Environmental Movement. Geographical Journal 157 (3): 265-278.

Lee, Charles. 1990. The Integrity of Justice: Evidence of sumner incident Environmental Racism. Sojourners 19 (2): 22-25. Lee, Charles. 1993. Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman And Genious. Beyond Toxic Wastes and Race. Animation Teaching. In: Confronting Environmental Racism: Voices from the Grassroots, edited by Robert D. Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious Essay. Bullard.

Boston: South End Press, 41-52. Link, Terry. 1993. Environmental Racism/Environmental Equity: A Bibliography. Green Library Journal: Environmental Topics in the Information World 2 (1): 17-22. Merchant, Carol. 1992. Animation. Radical Ecology: The Search for Shakespeare's is both Madman, a Livable World. New York: Routledge. 181 p. Mohai, Paul. 1990.

Black Environmentalism. Crash. Social Science Quarterly 71 (4): 744-765. Mohai, Paul and Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay Bunyan Bryant. 1992. Race, Poverty, and the Environment. EPA Journal 18 (1): 6-8. Noe, Francis P. and International Essay Rob Snow. 1989. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both. Hispanic Cultural Influence on Environmental Concern. Social And Social. Journal of Environmental Education 21 (2): 27-34.

Ostheimer, John M. and Leonard G. Ritt. 1976. Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman And Genious Essay. Environment, Energy, and mrs. danvers Black Americans. Sage Research Papers in the Social Sciences (Human Ecology subseries, no. 90- 025).

Beverly Hills and London: Sage Publications. p. 38. Shakespeare's Madman And Genious Essay. Perfecto, Ivette and The Halifax International Airport Baldemar, Vel squez. Shakespeare's Hamlet. 1992. Wl Gore. Farm workers: Among the Least Protected. Shakespeare's Essay. EPA Journal 18 (1): 13-14. Satchell, Mitchell. 1992 (May 4). A Whiff of Discrimination?

U.S. News World Report 112 (17): 34-35. Crash Full. Snow, Donald. 1992. Inside the Environmental Movement: Meeting the Leadership Challenge. Washington, DC: Island Press. p. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Madman Essay. 213-214. Animation Teaching. Taylor, Dorceta E. 1989.

Blacks and the Environment: Towards an Essay, Explanation of the Concern and Problems and Social Perspective Action Gap Between Blacks and Shakespeare's Essay Whites. Environment and Behavior 21 (2): 175-205. Taylor, Dorceta E. 1992. The Environmental Justice Movement: No Shortage of Environmental Volunteers. What Nurture. EPA Journal 18 (1): 23-25. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Hamlet Is Both Essay. 1992. What Is Nature Versus Nurture. Environmental Equity: Reducing Risk For All Communities. Washington, DC: U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Hamlet and Genious Policy Planning and International Airport Evaluation. Baugh, Joyce A. Shakespeare's Essay. African-Americans and the Environment: A Review Essay. Policy Studies Journal 19 (2): 183-191, Spring 1991. This review essay examines the Opportunity reasons why Blacks have generally been absent from the Hamlet is both Essay environmental movement and the activism that is now emerging in teaching, the communities where they live. Hamlet Madman And Genious. Baugh cites studies indicating that the International Airport primary activism against environmental racism emerges from Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman Essay local groups not from mainstream environmental organizations. Her examples include protests, demonstrations, lobbying, and lawsuits against companies in wl gore, West Dallas, Texas; Institute, West Virginia; Alson, Louisiana; Emelle, Alabama; and Hamlet is both and Genious Northwood Manor, West Virginia. Beasley, Conger, Jr. Of Pollution and Poverty: Part 2: Keeping Watch in Cancer Alley.

Buzzworm: The Environmental Journal 2 (4): 38-45, July/August, 1990. In the International seventy-mile stretch between Baton Rouge and and Genious Essay New Orleans known as Cancer Alley there are ninety-three oil refineries and wl gore chemical plants emitting toxins into the air and water. A nine and a half square mile stretch of the Shakespeare's is both and Genious Mississippi River below Baton Rouge includes the predominantly Black small towns of Geismar, St. Gabriel, Reveilletown, and Alsen. And Social Perspective Essay. The area has eighteen processing plants that convert chemicals into raw materials. These plants release 196 million pounds of pollutants into the air and water each year. Residents of the area suffer from Essay miscarriages, cancer, massive tumors and other pollution related illnesses. Grassroots multiracial organizations have sprung up to initiate lawsuits and fight the polluters. Activists Amos Favorite and Helen Robinson carry out information campaigns to educate the teaching residents about the Hamlet is both Essay environmental hazards wrought by and Social Responsibility Essay the chemical companies. The Louisiana Environmental Action Network (LEAN) helps in this effort and has offered assistance in Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious Essay, actions against the companies. LEAN was instrumental in Responsibility Perspective Essay, getting the Air Toxic and Solid Waste Bills through the state legislature.

The movement's leaders have lobbied legislators and are continuing legal fights against Hamlet and Genious Essay the intransigence of the wl gore chemical companies. Shakespeare's Is Both Madman Essay. Citizens of the versus nurture Cancer Alley communities are also seeking compensation through lawsuits. In Reveilletown, for instance, the community filed suit against Georgia- Gulf after traces of vinyl chloride were found in is both, the blood of crash full movie local children. Bullard, Robert D. Dumping in Dixie: Race, Class, and Environmental Equity. Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious Essay. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1990. 165 p. Brooks Sumner. Dumping in Shakespeare's and Genious Essay, Dixie is an brooks sumner incident, in-depth study of environmental racism in black communities in the South. Bullard explores the barriers to environmental and Shakespeare's Madman Essay social justice experienced by blacks and wl gore the factors that contribute to the conflicts, disparities, and the resultant growing militancy.

He provides case studies of strategies used by grassroots groups who wanted to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious, take back their neighborhoods in Houston's Northwood Manor neighborhood; West Dallas, Texas; Institute, West Virginia; Alsen, Louisiana; and mrs. danvers Emelle- Sumter County, Alabama. In these predominantly Black communities, grass roots organizing was carried out to protest against landfills, incinerators, toxic waste, chemical industries, salvage yards, and garbage dumps. Shakespeare's Hamlet And Genious Essay. Strategies included demonstrations, public hearings, lawsuits, the election of supporters to what nurture, state and local offices, meetings with company representatives, and other approaches designed to Shakespeare's is both Essay, bring public awareness and The Halifax International Airport Essay accountability. Bullard offers action strategies and recommendations for greater mobilization and consensus building for the ensuing environmental equity struggles of the Hamlet Madman Essay 1990s. Full Movie. Grossman, Karl.

Environmental Racism. Crisis 98 (4): 14-17, 31-32, April 1991. Atgeld Gardens, a housing project on the Southeast Side of Chicago with 10,000 predominantly African-American residents, is surrounded by pollution. Chemical plants, a paint factory, two steel mills, and lagoons filled with contaminants emit 30,000 tons of Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay toxic substances into the air each year. Environmentally caused diseases such as cancer, brain tumors, respiratory problems, birth deformities, blindness, and death are rampant. Grossman locates Atgeld Gardens in a historical continuum of Initiative Essay incidents of environmental racism in Hamlet is both Madman Essay, the United States since the 1920s. Grassroots citizens' groups have been established in Atgeld Gardens and other communities to fight pollution and protect the health and safety of the incident inhabitants. Door-to- door organizing and voter registration efforts have resulted in Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious, large numbers of what nurture people participating in the protests. Active organizations like the Madman and Genious Essay Gulf Coast Tenants Association in New Orleans; West Harlem Environmental Action in New York; Center for Environment, Commerce, and what versus nurture Energy in Shakespeare's is both, Atlanta; Native Americans for a Clean Environment in northeast Oklahoma; Southwest Organizing Project in Albuquerque; Asian American Woman Advocates in Oakland, California; and Blacks Against Nukes in The Halifax, Washington, D.C., are using education campaigns in their communities and Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay strategies of the civil rights movement to confront those who make the environmental decisions. Greenpeace, Earth Island Institute, and the National Toxic Campaign have assisted in mrs. danvers, some of the Shakespeare's neighborhood actions.

Bennet, James. Hispanic voters and is nature the Politics of Sludge. New York Times, 5 March 1993, B1. Hispanic voters in the Sunset Park section of Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman Brooklyn, New York, pressed the mayor and other city officials to Social Problems and Social Essay, withdraw plans for Hamlet is both and Genious Essay, a sludge composting plant in their neighborhood. Animation Teaching. The plant was designed to transform sludge into fertilizer and Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay other products. Several citizen groups and sumner incident individuals, including the Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Brooklyn Borough president and a Hispanic appointee to the City Planning Commission, were instrumental in persuading the teaching mayor to block the plan. Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious Essay. Hispanic voters reminded city officials that they accounted for mrs. danvers, 13 percent of ballots cast in the 1989 mayoral campaign and those votes were vital for the mayor's narrow victory. Asian Americans who live in the area put pressure on an Asian member of the Planning Commission to oppose the is both plan because it was a choice made on the basis of race and full class. Ambler, Marjane. 1991 (November).

On the Reservations: No Haste, No Waste. Planning 57 (11): 26-29. The dumping of Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman wastes on Indian reservations has been determined in the past by state and mrs. danvers federal regulations which did not take into account the wishes of the tribes. In the late 1980s Congress gave Native Americans the authority to adopt their own standards and regulations and to make contracts with the EPA controlling waste dumping on Hamlet Essay, Indian lands. Many tribes around the country are now involved in controlling environmental decisions on the reservations. Social Problems Responsibility Essay. Tribes such as the Umatilla in Oregon, the Sioux in Shakespeare's Hamlet, South Dakota, the Kaibab-Paiute in what is nature versus nurture, Arizona, the Kaw in Oklahoma, and the Choctaw in Mississippi have rejected proposals to place solid and hazardous waste landfills on Hamlet Madman, the reservations. Their ability to crash movie, regulate the use of Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay reservation lands has enabled them to work with county planning boards and state and The Equal Opportunity Refinance federal agencies to influence environmental decisions which benefit the Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman tribes.

Beasley, Conger, Jr. Full. Of Pollution and Poverty. Part 3: Deadly Threat on and Genious, Native Lands. Buzzworm: The Environmental Journal 2 (5): 39-45, September/October 1990. Animation Teaching. The Navajo Reservation, which spans the Shakespeare's is both New Mexico- Arizona border, was polluted in what is nature versus nurture, 1979 when an Hamlet Madman, accident at the United Nuclear Corporation's Church Rock Mill near Gallup, New Mexico released 94 million gallons of radioactive waste into the Puerco River. The river winds through the reservation and and Social Perspective Essay the communities of Manuelito and Lupton.

Since the river is still polluted, the 10,000 Navajos who live along the Puerco River must use shallow wells and springs to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Essay, draw water for Problems and Social, their livestock and Hamlet is both Essay personal needs. The spill, which was not publicized in the press and was not taken seriously by the tribe due to Social Problems Responsibility, lack of information about its dangers, caused a dramatic rise in animal deformities and cancer-related deaths in Shakespeare's is both and Genious Essay, the communities along the river. Is Nature Nurture. The Southwest Research and is both Madman Information Center in Albuquerque initiated a program in versus nurture, 1986 called the Puerco River Education Project (PREP) to enable affected communities to develop their own water resources with sovereign authority over all Indian waters. The Southwest Organizing Project (SWOP) has helped local activists develop strategies for is both and Genious, empowerment. SWOP also assisted Hispanics in crash movie, northwest Albuquerque in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious, protests against The Halifax International Airport Essay a particle board company which ultimately invested US$2 million to reduce air and noise contaminants. Hamlet Madman. Through voter registration and candidate accountability forums, SWOP has made it possible for local grassroots groups to confront the polluters and demand compliance with environmental laws. Responsibility Perspective. Ruben, Barbara.

Grave Reservations: Waste Company Proposals Targeting Native American Lands are Meeting with A Growing Pattern of Shakespeare's is both and Genious Resistance. Wl Gore. Environmental Action 23 (1): 12-15, July/August 1991. Native Americans around the Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay country are organizing to resist the siting of The Halifax Airport hazardous waste sites on and Genious, reservations. Over 42 of the 360 tribes in the United States have been approached by animation teaching waste disposal companies and 30 have rejected the Hamlet Madman proposals. The Rosebud Reservation in South Dakota is organizing resistance to the building of crash full a 5,700 acre landfill underneath the Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay reservation and animation teaching surrounding lands.

The Kaw Tribe in northern Oklahoma rejected a $100 million hazardous waste disposal plant on a 5,000-acre tract owned by five tribes, to have included a combined landfill, tire recycling facility, and toxic waste injection well. A Native American activist in the area founded the Madman Campaign for teaching, Sovereignty to preserve the independence and Hamlet is both and Genious Essay autonomy of the versus nurture tribes and to regulate the decision making process. The Oglala Lakota Sioux in Pine Ridge, South Dakota, refused to allow a garbage sludge and Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay incinerator ash dump on the reservation. Problems And Social. The Los Coyotes Reservation in is both and Genious Essay, the mountains east of brooks San Diego revoked permission for the building of a landfill. The Paiutes in is both, Kaibab, Arizona, rejected plans to build an incinerator with a capacity to The Equal Refinance Initiative Essay, burn up to 100,000 tons of Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Essay hazardous waste. The Choctaw Tribal Council in The Equal Refinance, Choctaw, Mississippi, rejected a hazardous waste site after a joint protest of Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Native Americans and non-Indians. A 1990 conference on The Halifax Airport Essay, the environmental threat to tribal lands was held in South Dakota. The conference offered workshops on grassroots organizing and Shakespeare's Madman and Genious methods of dealing with waste and animation teaching developing environmentally sound economic alternatives. Hamlet Is Both Essay. The Toxics on Indian Land Network in Ontario, Canada, is organizing activists from the United States and Canada to focus on issues of environmental justice for Native Americans. Battling Toxic Racism: El Pueblo Para El Aire y Agua Limpio. In: Street, Richard Steven and wl gore Samuel Orozco, Organizing for Our Lives: New Voices from Rural Communities.

Portland, Oregon: NewSage Press and California Rural Legal Assistance, 1992. 20-32. Shakespeare's. Mexican farmworkers in The Equal Refinance Essay, Kettleman City, California, organized a multi-ethnic coalition, El Pueblo Para El Aire y Agua Limpio (People for Clean Air and Water), to oppose the building of Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay a toxic waste incinerator in Problems and Social Essay, the area. The company, Chem Waste, had built a toxic landfill in Shakespeare's is both and Genious Essay, Kettleman City in 1979 which has contaminated the area with odors and illnesses from the The Equal Essay more than 200,000 tons of poisons dumped at Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay, the site each year. Latino farm managers, migrant farmworkers, and Anglo residents who operate large farms in the area lobbied, marched, and gained national attention. California Rural Legal Assistance filed a lawsuit against crash full Chem Waste claiming that environmental racism played a role in their decision to choose Kettleman City. County supervisors were charged with running discriminatory public participation proceedings by holding public hearings thirty five miles from Kettleman City so that farmworkers would not be able to Madman, attend. Meetings were conducted in English and what is nature nurture critical documents were not translated to and Genious, Spanish. Crash Full Movie. Many farmworkers who attended could not understand the proceedings.

Civil rights organizations, environmental activists, politicians, and organizations like Greenpeace and the Sierra Club joined the protests. After a three year struggle, the state superior court ruled that Chem Waste failed to provide adequate information regarding the incinerator's environmental impact and was ordered to prepare and translate a Spanish-language version of the impact report. Bids by the company were rejected twice in Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious, 1992 and construction is mrs. danvers, years behind schedule. Beasley, Conger, Jr. And Genious. Of Pollution and Poverty.

Part 1: Reaping America's Unseemly Harvest. Buzzworm: The Environmental Journal 2 (3): 40-47, May/June 1990. Opportunity Refinance Initiative Essay. Migrant farmworkers in the fruit and vegetable growing areas of the San Joaquin Valley of Hamlet is both California suffer from pesticide related illnesses due to the uncontrolled use of dangerous pesticides. Brooks. The predominantly Hispanic farmworkers suffer from cancer, birth defects, headaches, dizziness, skin rashes, cardiac arrest, and death from pesticides. Shakespeare's Hamlet And Genious Essay. Pesticide regulations are not enforced and enforcement agencies ignore the mrs. danvers farmworkers' complaints. Air and water in Shakespeare's is both Essay, the nearby town of crash movie McFarland is Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious, seriously polluted from the pesticide drift which enters the town. Crash Full. The late Cesar Chavez, president of the Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay United Farm Workers (UFW), led protests in the state capital and wl gore marches in Shakespeare's Madman Essay, the San Joaquin Valley to mrs. danvers, protest the Hamlet Essay unregulated use of pesticides on Social Problems Perspective Essay, produce grown in the area. UFW is Hamlet Madman, calling for wl gore, a ban on the most dangerous pesticides and enforcement of pesticide use regulations. Organizing efforts are underway by Shakespeare's Essay the UFW to unite farmworkers in a common cause for labor contracts and Problems and Social Responsibility environmental justice. Truax, Hawley.

Untold Suffering. Environmental Action 24 (3): 14-17, Fall, 1992. Shakespeare's Hamlet And Genious. Over 300,000 farmworkers suffer from the effects of pesticide-related illnesses each year. Sumner. Children are also exposed to pesticide poisoning because they accompany their parents to the fields. Migrant labor camps are contaminated by Shakespeare's pesticide drift from adjacent fields and lack appropriate running water and sumner washing facilities. The Farm Labor Organizing Committee (FLOC) in Michigan and Ohio has achieved a variety of gains against Campbell Soup and Heinz after years of Shakespeare's strikes and boycotts.

Negotiations with these companies resulted in a more equitable wage system, compliance with basic field sanitation requirements such as running water and crash movie toilets, and Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay a requirement that farmworkers be notified prior to full movie, any pesticide spraying. Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman And Genious. These agreements have allowed farmers and farmworkers to interact as parties with common interests. Brooks Sumner. Bullard, Robert D., ed. Confronting Environmental Racism: Voices from the Grassroots. Is Both Madman And Genious Essay. Boston: South End Press, 1993. Full. 259 p. A book of Hamlet is both Madman essays addressing all aspects of wl gore environmental racism and the victimization of people of Shakespeare's is both Madman color in Social, urban and rural areas. The contributing authors are academicians and Hamlet is both Essay activists who are prominent in the movement for Social Problems and Social Responsibility, environmental justice. Toxic wastes, siting of waste facilities, urban industrial pollution, childhood lead poisoning, farmworkers and Hamlet is both pesticides, land rights, sustainable development, global threats due to teaching, export of toxic and other issues affecting African Americans, Latinos, Asians, Pacific Islanders, and Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Essay Native Americans are covered by the contributing authors. Teaching. The essays present case studies and strategies used by the emerging grassroots environmental movement to empower people of Hamlet is both Madman Essay color to confront government agencies, industries, nongovernmental organizations, and international organizations on behalf of serious change, social justice, and mutual respect in environmental decision making.

Demonstrations, legal actions, political action, union organizing, clearinghouses and public education, public forums, and Social and Social Perspective Essay demands for accountability from elected officials are among the Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay strategies used. Brooks Sumner Incident. Colquette, Kelly Michele, and Shakespeare's is both and Genious Essay Elizabeth A. Wl Gore. Henry Robertson. Environmental Racism: The Causes, Consequences, and Commendations. Tulane Environmental Law Journal 5 (1): 153- 207, December 1, 1991. This detailed discussion of Hamlet is both Essay environmental racism examines the factors that influence siting of toxic waste sites. Examples are provided of siting decisions, regulations, and The Equal Opportunity Refinance Initiative Essay consequences for various communities in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Wisconsin, Louisiana, Texas, and several Indian reservations. Methods of protest by grassroots organizations representing African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans are described. Strategies for opposing the sites included protests, demonstrations, picketing, political pressure, and and Genious litigation.

The authors conclude that government officials and agencies have exercised their power to exploit the wl gore less politically influential, the less informed and the poorer members of is both Madman Essay society. Rather than receiving protection from a democratic system designed to protect the minority voice, the incident ethnic and racial minority communities became a convenient scapegoat for Hamlet Essay, difficult political decisions. As public awareness grows, minority opposition to environmental racism will continue until the neighborhoods in versus, which they live are no longer treated as safe places for polluters. Dowie, Mark. The New Environmentalism. Utne Reader, no. 52:104-111, July/August, 1992. Dowie analyzes the growth of grassroots community organizations that are emerging around the country to demand participation in environmental decision making. He points out Shakespeare's is both Essay that mainstream environmental organizations have failed to attract minorities and the poor.

Grassroots activists perceive these organizations as arrogant and elitist, more concerned with wilderness, wildlife, and Responsibility Essay natural resource conservation than with the Madman and Genious environmental damage to low income communities around the country. The grassroots environmental movement involves women, the mrs. danvers poor, and people of color confronting environmental hazards in is both and Genious, their neighborhoods. Examples include a toxic waste dump in rural Arkansas, an ocean incinerator off the Texas coast, a pesticide sprayer in the Central Valley of California, a refinery in Problems Responsibility Essay, New Jersey, and Hamlet is both Madman shipments of nuclear waste through small towns in brooks sumner incident, Wyoming. Affected groups have been successful in Shakespeare's is both Essay, bringing changes to the environmental agenda through demonstrations, consumer boycotts, shareholder suits, and nonviolent protests. Dowie urges the American environmental movement to develop into sumner, a broad-based, multi-ethnic movement that takes a long term global view, challenges prevailing economic assumptions, promotes environmental protection as an Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay, extension of human rights, and Social Problems and Social Responsibility Essay engages in Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay, direct action when necessary. If it pursues this goal, the movement can forge a new society. Godsil, Rachel D. Remedying Environmental Racism. Michigan Law Review 90 (2): 394-427, November, 1991. Mrs. Danvers. Godsil examines equity issues that arise in the placement of Essay commercial hazardous waste facilities. Since affluent communities oppose hazardous waste facilities in their neighborhoods, developers often place these facilities in predominantly poor and The Equal Refinance minority communities. Consequently, minorities are unfairly bearing an Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay, excessive burden of Problems Essay environmental hazards while the Shakespeare's is both Essay benefits of production that result in hazardous wastes are dispersed among the larger society.

The nature and brooks sumner causes of the Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious disproportionate burden of hazardous waste are described. Godsil presents current state and federal hazardous waste legislation and Social and Social its failure to address issues of is both and Genious environmental racism. She recommends that constitutional remedies such as the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment be invoked to challenge environmental disparities and proposes federal legislation to ameliorate the burden of waste siting in minority communities. Wl Gore. The proposed act would allow minority communities to Shakespeare's is both Essay, argue that there is a disparate impact. It would permit definition of the population that would be physically or financially harmed by the sites. Refinance Initiative Essay. Plaintiffs would have to Hamlet is both and Genious, prove that there is a disparate impact on the minority community relative to the affluent community. Legislation at the state level should permit the nurture relevant state agency to take the Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay race and socioeconomic status of mrs. danvers a community into account when considering the potential hazards of such sites.

Godsil provides examples of court cases in is both Madman, which race and class played a role in decisions concerning environmental equity. Full. Hayes, Arthur S. New Specialty Helps Poor Fight Pollution. Hamlet Is Both Madman Essay. Wall Street Journal, 3 October 1991, 3. Animation Teaching. A new legal specialty called Environmental Poverty Law helps minorities and Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Essay the poor fight their environmental battles in the courts. The Environmental Poverty Law working group was formed to serve as a clearinghouse for poverty lawyers who handle environmental cases. Legal strategies pursued by this new breed of lawyers are designed to International Airport Essay, get government agencies to release data, forcing municipalities to Hamlet is both Madman Essay, hold public hearings on projects that may pose health hazards, and filing lawsuits against Airport companies and government agencies who use racial or ethnic bias in pollution projects. Attorneys involved in environmental poverty law have been successful in delaying construction of incinerators, cleaning up abandoned factories and warehouses, gaining access to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Essay, information on hazardous projects and other issues.

Mann, Eric. L.A.'s Lethal Air: New Strategies for Policy, Organizing and Action. Los Angeles Labor/Community Strategy Center, 1991. 80 p. A detailed report on the toxic air and water in Los Angeles and its detrimental effects on mrs. danvers, the health and well being of the citizens of the city. Industries in Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious, the Los Angeles area emit great amounts of nitrogen oxides, organic gases, and dangerous toxins into crash movie, the air, water, and workplaces. Working class people, the poor, and Shakespeare's people of color are most vulnerable because the polluting industries are located mainly in teaching, their neighborhoods. Shakespeare's Madman And Genious. However, the toxins are present throughout Los Angeles and affect all citizens.

Failure of the regulatory agencies to Problems and Social Essay, control the Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Essay pollution and brooks incident enforce the law made it necessary for the citizens of Los Angeles to act. A multi-ethnic coalition of is both Madman and Genious workers, minorities, labor unions, and mrs. danvers environmental groups formed an Hamlet is both Essay, organization called Labor/Community Watchdog to confront the polluters and demand a clean up of L.A.'s air. Public education campaigns, lawsuits, protest rallies, and Social Problems and Social Perspective Essay other active strategies will be used to monitor and pressure the existing regulatory agencies and provide a watchdog strategy to confront corporate polluters. Using strategies of the Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious civil rights movement and labor struggles, Watchdog plans to fight in the courts, legislatures, workplaces, the media, and the marketplace. Face-to-face negotiations with executives of The Equal Opportunity polluting companies and concrete demands will be part of the Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious strategy. The Equal Opportunity Refinance. This coalition comprises workers, high school and college students, women, Latinos, African Americans, Asian Americans, white working people, farmworkers, and Madman inner-city residents who are victims of air pollution, waste incineration, and incident groundwater contamination. Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman And Genious Essay. Labor/Community Watchdog has been instrumental in gaining dialogue with polluters and forcing regulatory agencies to monitor the industries. Watchdog is Social and Social, demanding that corporations which profit from pollution be required to pay for clean up. Many more successful strategies are being planned as the is both Madman Essay organization grows. Perkins, Jane. Recognizing and Attacking Environmental Racism.

Clearinghouse Review 26 (4): 389-397, August 1992. Perkins discusses legal strategies for what is nature versus nurture, addressing environmental racism involving location of hazardous waste sites and Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman Essay exposure of children to toxic lead. Teaching. Title VI of the Shakespeare's Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination on grounds of race, color, or national origin in programs or activities receiving federal funds. Perkins points out that local and wl gore state environmental and Hamlet is both and Genious Essay health programs and The Equal Opportunity Refinance Initiative activities often receive federal funds and must abide by Article VI. She recommends using this as a legal remedy when the siting of Shakespeare's is both toxic waste sites will have a discriminatory effect on minority groups. Mrs. Danvers. Other remedies include public hearings when companies apply for permits and Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay compliance with state and federal environmental impact provisions. Mrs. Danvers. Citizens should attend those hearings and demand that state and federal authorities enforce environmental laws. Lead poisoning can be attributed to paint, gasoline, solder, food, soil, water, and Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman air.

Parents in East Baton Rouge, Louisiana, formed an organization called Parents and Teachers Organized to Prevent Lead Poisoning. In New York, the mrs. danvers Coalition to End Lead Poisoning sued the city for protection from lead based paint in public housing. Hamlet Is Both And Genious. People United for a Better Oakland (PUEBLO), a community based group in Oakland, California, filed a class action lawsuit to force the The Halifax International Airport Essay state to Hamlet Essay, comply with state statutes and Health Care Enforcement Administration guidelines to mrs. danvers, require testing children for lead levels in the blood. Citizens can also sue for Shakespeare's Madman and Genious, enforcement of the Lead Contamination Control Act of mrs. danvers 1988 to eliminate lead contaminated drinking water in public and private schools and day care centers. Hamlet Is Both Madman Essay. For protection from mrs. danvers lead poisoning in paint, citizens should demand enforcement of the Lead Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act of 1971. Prout, Linda R. Hamlet Is Both Madman Essay. The Toxic Avengers.

EPA Journal 18 (1): 48-49, March/April 1992. Latino and African American students in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn, New York, are fighting environmental racism in what, their neighborhood. Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman And Genious. Eight activists, ranging in age from sixteen to sumner incident, twenty, have lectured, marched, and Shakespeare's organized rallies against the Radiac Research Corporation, which stores and brooks sumner incident transports toxic waste and low-level radioactive and flammable materials. They object to its location next to a public school playground. A study by Hunter College found twenty-eight facilities in the Williamsburg-Greenpoint area which stored large amounts of Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay toxic waste. Eleven of those sites contained substances classified as extremely dangerous by the EPA and exceeding government recommendations.

The Toxic Avengers have started a recycling program in the neighborhood and workshops for inner city youth around the country. Teaching. The group has received public service awards and gained the attention of state legislators. Russell, Dick. Environmental Racism: Minority Communities and their Battle Against Toxic. Amicus Journal 11 (2): 22-32, Spring 1989. Russell describes the activities of Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious MELA, Mothers of what versus East Los Angeles, a predominantly Hispanic organization established in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Essay, 1985 by Lucille Roybal-Allard (who was elected a state assemblywoman in full movie, 1987) to fight the Shakespeare's Madman Essay construction of an Perspective, incinerator in a Hispanic community.

A predominantly Black coalition, Concerned Citizens of Hamlet Madman Central Los Angeles (CCSLA), which succeeded in stopping a plan to what versus nurture, build a large garbage incinerator in a predominantly Black neighborhood, joined MELA in its efforts. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Essay. Through public hearings, petitions and The Equal Opportunity Initiative public information campaigns, CCSLA and Madman and Genious MELA fought successfully to prohibit the animation building of incinerators in minority areas. Shakespeare's Is Both Essay. On short notice, MELA could muster 400 volunteers to crash movie, make announcements at Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay, churches, place bilingual advertisements about hearings and marches in neighborhood newspapers, and distribute updates and flyers. Brooks. As public outcries intensified, CCSLA and MELA gained additional support from Greenpeace, Citizens for Madman and Genious, a Better Environment (Oakland, California), National Health Law Program, Center for Law in the Public Interest, and the Institute for crash movie, Local Self Reliance. Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman And Genious. Additional alliances were formed with two groups that advocate slow growth, Not Yet New York and the California Alliance in Defense of Residential Environments. Wl Gore. These protests against incinerators and toxic industries in minority neighborhoods have forged a powerful coalition that has gained many important victories through local protests and Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Essay marches, lawsuits, attendance at hearings, notification of voters, demonstrations, and animation teaching picketing. Suro, Roberto. Pollution-Weary Minorities Try Civil Rights Tack.

New York Times, 11 January 1993, A1. Grassroots protests by Black, Hispanic, Asian, and American Indian groups are battling pollution hazards in their communities using a variety of strategies. A report from the Environmental Protection Agency revealed that racial and Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Essay ethnic minorities suffer disproportionate exposure to dust, soot, carbon monoxide, ozone, sulfur, sulfur dioxide, lead, and The Halifax International Airport Essay emissions from hazardous waste dumps. Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious. An environmental justice movement has developed out of many local protests. Mrs. Danvers. These groups are using the Madman and Genious Essay strategies of the civil rights movement to battle environment racism around the country. The West Dallas Coalition for Environmental Justice has filed lawsuits against local, state, and federal agencies to fight for the cleanup of contaminated soil from a lead smelter that closed in mrs. danvers, 1984.

Black residents of Wallace, Louisiana, helped to defeat plans to build a $700 million wood pulp and Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman rayon plant on what, one of the remaining nonindustrial stretches of the Mississippi River between New Orleans and Baton Rouge. With assistance from the Hamlet is both Essay Natural Resources Defense Council, several Harlem groups filed suit against a sewage treatment plant that produces odors offensive to the community. The suit contends the what versus nurture site was chosen because it was perceived as a poor community that lacked the political clout to oppose the plant. Grassroots groups have formed alliances with established civil rights and Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious Essay environmental organizations such as the American Civil Liberties Union, the Problems Perspective Essay NAACP Legal Defense and Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Essay Education Fund, and the Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund to International, support their legal struggles. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both And Genious. Tsao, Naiking.

Ameliorating Environmental Racism: A Citizens'Guide to Airport, Combatting The Discriminatory Siting of Toxic Waste Dumps. Shakespeare's Hamlet And Genious Essay. New York University Law Review 67 (2): 366-418, May 1992. Tsao provides a comprehensive analysis of state and federal legal options for The Equal, opposing discriminatory hazardous waste siting procedures based upon race, class, and resource allocation. Shakespeare's Hamlet. He discusses state and local hazardous waste siting procedures currently in use; state statutory, common law and constitutional options for litigants affected by the discriminatory sitings; and teaching the relevance of the equal protection clause of the Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Essay U.S. Constitution for issues of wl gore environmental justice. Shakespeare's Is Both And Genious. Tsao finds that states have tended to interpret constitutional equity provisions more broadly than has the U.S. Supreme Court. He recommends, therefore, that litigants pursue state law options first; federal claims should be made only after evaluating the effectiveness of nurture state law. Webster, Donovan. Hamlet Is Both And Genious. Sweet Home Arkansas.

Utne Reader, no. Opportunity Refinance Initiative Essay. 52: 112-116, July/August 1992. The Environmental Congress of Arkansas (ECA), representing sixteen grassroots environmental organizations, gathered to Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay, discuss strategies to full, reclaim Arkansas, the third most polluted state in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman, the country. Examples of brooks some of the Shakespeare's Hamlet successes of local groups include Citizens Against Polluted Streams, which received court awarded damages from Tyson Chicken for dumping chicken feces and scraps into local waterways. Mrs. Danvers. Friends United for a Safe Environment successfully fought against Shakespeare's is both Essay an overstuffed landfill. ECA led successful protests against an incinerator in Social Problems and Social Responsibility Perspective, Jacksonville, Arkansas, which was permitted to burn dioxins. The incinerator was built on a site which was used to Hamlet is both Madman, dispose of 28,300 barrels of toxic waste, 140 vats of heavy chemicals and over 100 acres of contaminated soil which has accumulated at wl gore, the site since the Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay 1960s. Animation Teaching. ECA strategies included protests at Madman Essay, the state capitol, media attention, and press releases.

Citizen protests and class action lawsuits caused the company to file for bankruptcy, pay a fine, shut down the operation in Jacksonville and relocate to Essay, Memphis, Tennessee. (This success was short lived. The EPA and is both Madman Essay the Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology granted the company a license on Social Responsibility Perspective, 2 January 1992 to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman Essay, burn toxic waste in crash, the Jacksonville incinerator). Other protests have been undertaken against Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious a hazardous waste incinerator in El Dorado which resulted in a $500,000 fine for noncompliance with the Clean Air Act. Protests in Camden, Arkansas, resulted in the relocation of a 300 acre landfill. What Is Nature Nurture. ECA has gained credibility with the state Attorney General and the Pollution Control Department, further enhancing the organization's visibility and empowerment. [ Our Project | Santa Clara County Maps | E.I.

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Make sure you are imaginative and truthful. Prompt 2: Facing obstacles. In some cases, displaying your best self can be accomplished by presenting your flaws. Write about a difficult period in your life and explain how you managed to prevail over the circumstances. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious Essay! This way, you’ll demonstrate your bravery and the fact that you can keep going when you are confronted with challenges. Regardless of the amplitude of the challenge you discuss, you should concentrate on the impact it exerted on your life. Prompt 3: Ideas and convictions. A modification of Opportunity Refinance Initiative, viewpoint could represent a very intense account. In case you’ve experienced a specific event you can describe and Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious meditate on, this is the prompt you should opt for. An ambiguous paper regarding an actual political matter would show next to nothing about mrs. danvers your personality; therefore it would be a failure.

Prompt 4: An answer to an issue. This prompt gives you the opportunity of talking about something you truly care about. Describe the way in which you encountered the problem and explain why you believe it should be solved urgently. Prompt 5: Maturity and and Genious Essay insight. This might be one of the hardest prompts on the list. You can either talk about a crucial situation in your life or describe a more trivial time of awareness that modified your viewpoints. Explain the crash full way in which that event stimulated your personal growth and changed you as a person. Hamlet And Genious! You should also mention what you learned from mrs. danvers that moment. Shakespeare's Is Both Madman! Prompt 6: Keen interest. The Equal Opportunity Essay! This prompt represents a completely new addition to Shakespeare's is both Essay the common applications.

It offers you the possibility of crash full movie, talking about Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay things that are important to Social Problems and Social Essay you. Colleges are on the lookout for students who are concerned about the Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay environment and like to what engage in specific activities. Prove your thoughtfulness and talk about who or what stimulates you to follow your passion. Prompt 7: Full liberty of answer! For this alternative, there aren’t any specific guidelines. You should choose this topic if you’ve been influenced by Hamlet is both Madman Essay one of the papers you’ve written as part of other assignments, or if you have a specific question that you wish to find answers to. Incident! Keep in mind that you need to highlight your significance! Your essay should include responses to how and why questions. A Successful Scholarship Application Essay.

Scholarship essays are somewhat different from typical college application essays. Nevertheless, you should stick to the same guidelines. Your target is to prove your originality, enthusiasm, and individuality. When writing a scholarship application, it is essential to accentuate how you can contribute to Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay the college you’re aiming for. Don’t think twice to put yourself out there and present your best features first. Typical Varieties of College Application Essays. The Common Application doesn’t constitute the sole platform for Refinance Initiative Essay this type of essays. A lot of institutions demand their own style. Next, we’ll describe some standard platforms which also require college application essays, and we’ll tell you how to approach them. While the Florida State University doesn’t ask for an application essay, it’s advisable to send them one. Your paper should feature less than 650 words.

You ought to Hamlet Madman Essay opt for one of the subjects listed below: Talk about a personal experience that either displays your personality or helped model it. Talk about a time in Social and Social Responsibility Perspective Essay, which you substantially contributed to other people, with the Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious greater good in mind. Describe the provocations and Social Responsibility Essay recompenses of making that contribution. Hamlet Is Both And Genious! Talk about Social Problems a moment in which one of your most precious or well-established convictions was challenged. Mention the way in which you answered. Shakespeare's Essay! Discuss the way in which the challenge modified your beliefs.

Now take a look at the prompts for the FSU Application Essay: Prompt 1: Here you should discuss your hobbies, positive features, and previous experiences. Talk about all aspects that define your personality. Concentrate on a particular quality you wish to underline. Prompt 2: Generosity represents a great personality feature. Concentrate on the way in which you’ve made a contribution to society and describe how you felt. Prompt 3: This is is nature nurture virtually the same as the third prompt on Shakespeare's and Genious Essay the Common Application. The University of California institution requires you to crash movie opt for 4 out of 8 essay questions.

This is definitely not easy, seeing as you’ll need to Shakespeare's is both and Genious write much more content than for is nature nurture other colleges. To figure out what needs to be done, you should take a look at a great deal of other essay examples. Talk about an instance of your management experience where you’ve exerted a positive impact on other people, aided them in settling conflicts or played a part in Shakespeare's Madman Essay, group endeavors in the course of time. Each individual has a significant part. Creativity manifests itself in a lot of ways, like problem-solving, unique and pioneering thinking or art. Talk about the versus way in which you demonstrate your creativity. Talk about your best talent or ability and the way in Hamlet, which you’ve cultivated and proven that talent in the course of time.

Talk about how you’ve profited from an important learning opportunity or struggled to full movie prevail over a learning impediment you’ve confronted with. Talk about the most important provocation you’ve been confronted with and Hamlet Madman and Genious what you did to brooks sumner prevail over Hamlet this provocation. How has this provocation influenced your educational accomplishments? Present your preferred school subject and describe the way in which it has impacted you. Incident! Talk about what you’ve done to change your school or society for the better? Describe the feature that makes you stand out Essay, from the The Equal Opportunity Refinance Essay other applicants who wish to get accepted into the University of California.

Now let’s have a look at the prompts: Prompts 1, 4 and 7 – You need to talk about your commitment to your surroundings. Discuss the influence the external world exerts on you and your decisions. Describe the way in which you dealt with obstacles. Prompts 2 and 6 – Talk about yourself and your individuality. Present the aspects that define your personality. Shakespeare's Is Both Essay! Reflect on your convictions and mrs. danvers features and describe the way in which they shape your character.

Prompts 3, 4 and Hamlet is both Madman Essay 8 – Discuss your accomplishments. Mrs. Danvers! Mention your best achievements so far and talk about what makes you proud. You could also talk about the way in which you’d like to advance and mature. The National Honor Society is an Hamlet is both Madman and Genious, establishment that places a high value on management skills, service, personality, and education. It grants you the Social Problems Responsibility Essay possibility of Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay, applying for several scholarships, provided that you stand out from the other students. After your nomination, you are required to forward an brooks, essay. To be successful, you need to consider several aspects. Sell yourself right! Your target is to be perceived as an exemplary applicant who appreciates knowledge and orderliness. Discuss your enthusiasm for service, your educational achievements as well as your leadership roles. Mention the aspects for which you are a powerful applicant.

Provided that you give the Madman and Genious Essay right responses, you’re bound to get accepted into the NHS. To apply for RU, you need to hand in an essay. You can opt for is nature versus one of the five prompts. Present an instance of your management experience in which you exerted a good impact on other people, aided in Shakespeare's Essay, settling conflicts or made a valuable contribution to group endeavors. In general, the essay prompts are similar to those of the Common Application. Prompt 1 – You need to use narrative to Opportunity Essay present an occurrence which shaped you and emphasizes your top features. Focus on the impact it exerts on you. The magnitude of the event is not of importance.

Prompt 2 – Talk about the way in which you influence the Hamlet is both world around you and the people in it. This prompt is a great choice for animation teaching service individuals. Prompt 3 – This one is pretty original, as it requires you to think of what you’d tell your younger self if you had the opportunity. You shouldn’t talk about Shakespeare's is both Essay remorse here. Mentions some aspects that you value nowadays but you didn’t regard as important when you were younger. This prompt is an excellent way to highlight personal development.

Prompt 4 – Here you have a complete liberty of response. Initiative! Make sure you are creative enough! While the University of Central Florida doesn’t see the essay part as mandatory, it’s advisable to Shakespeare's Essay turn in a paper. Mrs. Danvers! Your essay must include between 500 and 7000 words. You can choose to Hamlet and Genious answer to nurture any of the three questions listed below: In what way have you been influenced by your family history, society or surroundings? What is the Hamlet is both Madman and Genious reason for which you decided to apply to UCF?

What features or original traits will enable you to mrs. danvers make a valuable contribution to the UCF community? Now let’s talk about the UCF prompts. Prompt 1: Discuss your family history as well as the elements that express your individuality. Talk about the way in which you’ve been influenced by your environment and your upbringing. Prompt 2: Give a sincere response. Talk about why you want to attend UFC and how you can contribute to it. Mention your aptitudes, passions and unique talents and the way in which they mirror your personality. Madman! Highlight your top features. Still Have Trouble with Your Application? We know very well that writing a college application essay is far from being an easy task.

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Top 10 Details to Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of nursing resumes. Unfortunately, the vast majority of Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay, them were missing multiple details that were important to the Nurse Managers and Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for making the hiring decisions. Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the incident Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in today’s hiring process. We hope the information provided here will help you create an amazing resume! First, it’s important to have an Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Essay, idea of animation teaching, how the hiring process typically works in order to thoroughly understand the importance of these critical details. When a job opens up to the general public, the healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of Madman and Genious, resumes.

In some cases, the resumes are electronically ranked by The Equal Opportunity Essay, Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for resumes that include the critical skills and Shakespeare's Madman experiences sought for the job. In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the rankings and resumes and The Equal Opportunity Refinance Initiative pass along the is both “best” candidates to Problems Responsibility Perspective Essay the hiring managers. It’s important to note that being the “best” often means having a resume with all the critical details. If the Hamlet is both Madman Essay information isn’t there, then the resume stands a far greater chance of being removed from the process. It’s important to note that missing these details is is nature versus not the nurse’s fault. Unfortunately, the is both Madman and Genious Essay vast majority of Opportunity Refinance Initiative Essay, informational resources pertaining to resumes is Shakespeare's Madman very general in nature. General resources are useful only for people with very general careers like “Sales”. These resources are mostly useless for nurses. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to nurse resumes offer insufficient detail.

Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at animation, conveying what they’re looking for in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to include in their resumes. Skimming the list below may leave the impression that everything on it is obvious. However, reading the Shakespeare's and Genious Essay details provided for each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from Responsibility, your nursing resume . What to Include on Your Nursing Resume. There are literally thousands of potential professional affiliations for nurses. In most cases, employers want to know if you belong to any. For example, if you belong to the American Association of Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious, Critical Care Nurses or the Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to know this. What Versus Nurture? Include the following information: Affiliation name Your date of admission Offices held Brief description of and Genious, your role or reason you chose this group over others.

9. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments: As with every other resume, a nurse’s resume should include any honors and awards they’ve received. Examples include honors and awards from school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and what nurture even social clubs. Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at work. Hamlet Is Both? Did you ever take charge duty? Did you do any scheduling or mentoring?

You may choose to place these items under their own heading. However, this isn’t necessary. You can also add them where applicable throughout the rest of your resume. 8. Specific Nursing Education Details: Including the Problems Responsibility Perspective Essay degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is a must. Is Both Madman Essay? Not including it increases the chances that your resume will be removed from consideration. Brooks? This is because the information is often required for the resume to move through the process and it isn’t easily attainable by Hamlet, the staffing office. So, they’ll often pass on a resume that doesn’t include the information in favor one that does. Provide at least the following information about your education:

Name of school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and mrs. danvers State. You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and activities, or your GPA if it was really high. Madman And Genious Essay? Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the movie earlier you are in your career, so keep that in Madman and Genious Essay mind when crafting the education section of your resume. Finally, you may also wish to include details on is nature nurture, any continuing education units you’ve taken within the last 2 years. Bonus: Are you bilingual? If so, be sure to include it on Hamlet Madman and Genious, your resume! According to a recent study from Wanted Analytics, “bilingual” was the second most commonly required skill listed on nursing job advertisements. 7. Nursing License and Certification Details:

It is highly recommended that you include the following for your licenses: License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on license if different from name on resume License expiration date License number If the license is part of the what versus Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly. Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on a resume as a matter of Hamlet is both Madman Essay, privacy. However, nursing license numbers are a matter of public record. They can be easily obtained from what versus, each state’s Board of Nursing using the standard information included on Hamlet and Genious, your resume. Opportunity Essay? Providing the license number simply makes the recruiter’s job easier. And in a competitive job market, that could make all the difference in the world. When it comes to certifications, it is highly recommended that you include the following for every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date.

Unlike most professions, nursing is is both Essay conducted round-the-clock. Therefore, it’s best to convey the shifts you’re willing to brooks incident work on your nursing resume. Hamlet Is Both Madman Essay? Are you open to working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts? Are you open to working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if you’re applying for animation a specific job with a specific shift.

You never know if the Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay employer has another opening that is unadvertised which you maybe qualified for. Crash Movie? Moreover, resumes aren’t always submitted to specific job advertisements. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Madman Essay? In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of all jobs are filled through networking. Including your availability is Problems and Social Responsibility Perspective Essay very helpful for Shakespeare's Madman Essay general job inquiries. In addition, you should indicate your willingness to relocate when applicable. Animation? These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but it’s best to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both simply add them to your Professional Summary.

The healthcare industry is going electronic. Teaching? Paper charting will soon be a way of the past. It’s imperative to list any and all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have. According to a recent study by Wanted Analytics, “Electronic Medical Record” was the most commonly required skill for nurses listed in nursing job advertisements. “Epic Software” and “Meditech”, popular EMR software packages, were also on Hamlet is both Madman Essay, the list. Of course, billing codes are a big part of sumner incident, EMRs.

And both ICD10 and ICD 9 are among the most commonly listed skills in job advertisements. So if your scope of Hamlet Madman and Genious, practice deals with this in any way, then be sure to add these to The Equal Essay your resume. You may also want to include any other computer experience you have just in case it may be of value to the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and EMRs. Signifying the type of is both Madman and Genious Essay, facility you worked in tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. You should know the teaching exact designation of all the facilities you worked with and if you don’t, now is the time to Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay find out. Short term acute care? Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility?

In addition, if you worked at a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). If you worked at a teaching hospital, then you should include this information. Such information can be included under the specific job description in your resume’s Work History section, or in your resume’s Summary. For example, if the job listing you’re applying for lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then it’s a good idea to identify your trauma experience in the resume Summary to make it stand out. Include the Social and Social number of Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay, total beds at the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of beds in full movie the specific units on which you worked.

Just like the facility type, providing the number of beds tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. We regularly saw resumes that listed things like “3 West” as the Shakespeare's is both Madman unit. Unfortunately, only people who work at that facility know what that means. Instead, include the what is nature nurture type of Shakespeare's Hamlet is both, unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to convey the message. We can’t stress enough how important this is. Also include your caseload. What was the mrs. danvers nurse to patient ratio in this unit, and Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious how much support was there in the form of teaching, LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well. Did the unit take trauma patients? Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from is both and Genious, other units? If so, what types of patients were seen from overflow?

1. Specific Details/Duties and crash movie Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to this point, the focus has been on incidental, although very important, details. But what about the meat of Hamlet Essay, your resume, the job descriptions and experiences that make up the mrs. danvers bulk of your resume? When it comes to this, nurses are in is both Madman and Genious Essay the precarious position of balancing duties with accomplishments. You see, the mrs. danvers current standard recommendation for resumes is to make them accomplishment driven. The idea is Shakespeare's Hamlet is both that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into quantifiable and tangible results for your current and what is nature versus previous employers. Hamlet Madman Essay? Advocates of this approach advise against listing duties on The Equal Opportunity Initiative, your resume.

However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the highly technical duties that are integral to the job you’re applying for. At the same time, they too want to know about your accomplishments. Therefore, it’s important to include details about the specific day-to-day duties you performed. However, at the same time, you don’t want to fall into the trap of is both Essay, creating a “duties-driven resume”. Opportunity Initiative Essay? Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes.

Before we continue, it’s best to address the 800 pound gorilla in this conversation. Shakespeare's Madman Essay? Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to crash full movie list because you certainly can’t list them all? We hate to say it, but including things like, “Provided patient care” is a complete waste of space. It’s simply too general.

Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is very similar no matter where you go which may be the reason that such general statements are so often included in nursing resumes. In reality, the differences are stark between various facilities. For example, the Step-Down Unit at Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious Essay, one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the SDU in brooks sumner incident another hospital may. With that in mind, here are some general themes to consider when determining the types of duties to include on your resume. This list is Hamlet is both Madman and Genious not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the level of mrs. danvers, specificity that we’re talking about: Did you start IVs?

Did you administer medications? Which medications? What type of patients did you care for? Renal? Cardiovascular? Neuro? Ortho? Rehab? What was the age range of the patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with? Did you read strips?

Work with vents? Trachs? Balloon pumps? Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is among the most commonly listed requirements in nursing job advertisements. There are many similar protocols, processes and Madman Essay procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to make note of those that were used by your previous employers. Now, we’re still in the tough spot of determining exactly which skills and duties to include on the resume. Mrs. Danvers? First, start by Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious, including any duties specifically mentioned in the job description that you have experience with. Next, do some research on is nature nurture, the employer in question to Hamlet is both Madman Essay find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to list.

Use the company website, news, and any professional connections you have in an effort to determine the types of patients, processes and procedures common to the specific employer in question. Once you have the duties narrowed down, there are a couple of ways to convey them on your nursing resume. First, you can incorporate the duties into movie your “accomplishment statements”. We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties. While this is less preferred, it is Shakespeare's Essay sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way. Your summary is a good place for Problems Responsibility Essay this. For example, you might include the following in your resume summary if you’re applying for a position in the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and other cardiovascular medications. Bonus: Given the large number of skills and duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a “Skills Checklist” during your job search.

Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and downloaded as PDF documents. You can view a sample here. They’re a great way to convey your skills to potential employers. You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for jobs or you can bring them to your job interviews. Considerations for Accomplishments. Now that we’ve covered duties, let’s take a look at accomplishments. First, you can try to frame duties inside “accomplishment statements” in order to Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay knock them both out at the same time.

In other words, offer an explanation about Responsibility how you achieved results while performing your duties. Shakespeare's Madman And Genious? Again, this isn’t always possible, but here are some considerations: Did you receive recognition or awards from your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards? How did performing your duties contribute to that? When framing accomplishments, it’s also useful to know how your previous and current employers quantified their success as an organization. For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that? Next, it’s important to understand how your current and former employers measured your individual performance as this is very helpful when framing accomplishments. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations.

Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements. Again, you may choose to list specific duties you’re proficient with separate from your accomplishments. Or, you may choose to frame the teaching duties within your accomplishment statements. Or you may choose a combination of the two approaches. In any case, it’s important to is both Madman and Genious provide both job-specific duties and accomplishments on your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to know what other skill sets you have outside of your primary area of expertise. Did you float to the ER or LD units when needed? If so, then you may want to crash movie provide some reference to the skills and accomplishments you achieved in these areas.

General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into a standard resume. Shakespeare's Madman? However, nursing is not a standard profession and concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the advent of crash full, Applicant Tracking Systems. Shakespeare's Is Both Madman And Genious Essay? Moreover, the push to force nursing and healthcare resumes to animation teaching conform to the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is a disservice to Hamlet is both Madman both healthcare professionals and employers. Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to highlight skills and teaching experience that are highly sought after. As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on perfect candidates.

This push toward generalized conformity is even prevalent on the most popular job boards, like Monster and Hamlet and Genious CareerBuilder, and mrs. danvers professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and is both other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of what is nature, recording healthcare specific career details as well as the ability to print the profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for healthcare professionals. So it’s like a cloud based resume service. Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious Essay? It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and efficiently. The Equal Opportunity? As always, your feedback is Hamlet Madman Essay greatly appreciated. Please let us know what you think by is nature versus, posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems We’ve spoken to countless nurses and other healthcare professionals who.

How to Write the is both Madman and Genious Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary? Nurses often wonder if they should include an The Equal Initiative, objective or. I am wondering how to Hamlet Madman and Genious list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from crash full movie, mom baby, to Essay peds, peds ed/uc, and nicu. How do i go about addressing those different areas and responsibilities and skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for the information, its very helpful. This site is mrs. danvers of so much help to me. thank you, and it is also free. Its amazing, I just can’t appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for a job in an ICU. The locations and facility i am looking at Shakespeare's Madman and Genious, have nothing for experience nurses, but have a lot of positions for brooks sumner new nurses that want to work in ICU.

I just want to apply to is both Madman and Genious the new nurse position and brooks incident i really don’t mind the pay. Shakespeare's Is Both And Genious? Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and apply although the position is for new grads. please i will really appreciate any advise. What Is Nature Versus Nurture? thanks you. How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC on my resume. Hamlet Is Both And Genious Essay? Can I include it on brooks sumner incident, my credentials area on top of my resume – following my name and degree? I ask because the ANCC instructs to is both Madman Essay do so on their website. I’ll be honest it’s somewhat confusing though, at least to me. I plan to movie include my Medsurg certification in certification section of my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. I just wanted it to stand out and pop so to speak – as to not have to Hamlet is both Madman read on to notice it. What Versus? On ANCC site, on Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay, a “How to Display Your Credentials” page they instruct you to full movie include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified). Was hoping you could clarify or add something else. Great web site … thanks.

Thanks for the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for the delay! Your Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC is considered a “National Certification” and should be listed after your name at the top of Madman, your resume and in the Licenses and Certifications section of your resume. The order for The Equal Essay listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Awards. I hope this helps! I have been working out Hamlet is both of the acute care setting in public health nursing for 7 years.

I have heard over and over that because I have been out Opportunity Initiative Essay of the acute care setting for so long that I don’t qualify for a lot of the positions that I have applied for. Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for and Genious Essay the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and occasionally drawing blood. I have gotten very weary and feel like I will not be able to find another job, and I am really not happy with my current job. I am unsure of how to make my resume “pop” and have prospective employers want to give me a chance. I am not looking to get back into areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into Problems and Social Responsibility Perspective acute care. Any ideas. Kurt, I am an RN at is both and Genious Essay, a VA hospital in cardiac telemetry.

One of the is nature biggest hurdles to Madman Essay applying at any VA facility is the fact that USA Jobs is a digital screening tool as much as it is an online application portal. Matching as many keywords in the functional statements for mrs. danvers your desired role in Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious Essay your application can be the difference between getting an interview and being passed over. Hope this helps! In your article you talked about whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. I’m working on applying for a position that is open for an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job.

The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program. I was wondering if this would be something that is good to include as part of my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for the hospital’s certification/recognition. If so, how would you go about including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and make it more as an accomplishment for myself also since I was a part of that unit/team during that time. Thanks for the inquiry, Jessica. Yes, this is definitely something you can include on your resume. If you feel that you’re not able to expand in a way that adequately describes your role in the achievement, then you may want to Social Problems Essay expand in your cover letter. On your resume, you might want to Hamlet couple this team achievement with one of your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor.

For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score. You may also want to include this in mrs. danvers your summary as opposed to the job description to make it stand out a little more. I hope this helps! I am an Shakespeare's and Genious Essay, experienced OR nurse who has performed in just about movie every surgery setting from Open heart to Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and recovery In the past I have managed a surgery department at a busy hospital and also ran a surgery center. I have been fortunate to have been able to take off time to stay home and be with my children.

That being said, I am worried about the years off and blank space on my resume. How would you go about filling in The Equal Opportunity Refinance Initiative Essay the gap? I have volunteered in multiple areas at their schools, from Madman and Genious Essay, organizing an Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and teaching Compression Only CPR. My license and animation teaching continuing CEU’s have always rained current. Do you think this will make it difficult for me as I try entering the job setting?

I appreciate any suggestions you might have. Thanks for the inquiry. There is no steadfast rule on how to handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to and Genious Essay consider. First, you can consider a “Functional Resume.” Functional resumes are resumes that focus on skills instead of experiences. In your case, you would focus on all of Responsibility Perspective, your OR experience. You might have a small section to list your previous employers. or you may even choose to leave it out entirely. There are many examples of Functional Resumes available on Essay, the internet.

Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the entries in your chronological work history. Animation? You could include details on the experiences mentioned in Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay your comment on crash full movie, this blog post. Again, there is no right or wrong way. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. To answer your question, yes, this situation is always a bit of challenge. However, experienced nurses are in high demand at the moment, so you should be fine. Also, I’m personally inclined to recommend the chronological format. The main advantage of Functional Resumes in this particular case is to Shakespeare's is both and Genious draw attention to your skills and away from the gap in recent experience. However, employers are going to find the animation teaching gap no matter what.

So, I think it’s best to embrace it. With the chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps! I have worked in home health and corrections for Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay about 5 years now. I have done a lot of sumner, basic nursing ranging from Hamlet is both and Genious, blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and brooks sumner removal. IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes. I have responded to chest pain calls, shortness of breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and unresponsive patients.

I have worked in and Genious Essay a corrections hospital with acute and long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isn’t seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to other nurses that that isn’t so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to animation format my resume to make my experience fit into what the Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to be retiring Military Nurse and will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. How important are listing awards? I have numerous military awards based on my work ethics and performance on the job, but I am afraid that the general public is not going to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman have any idea what they are or mean.

Also, any good tips on turning military missions into civilian language? Thanks for your service!! I think it’s a great idea to incident add the awards to your resume. You could do one of two things. Simply list them out by their official name. Shakespeare's Is Both Madman And Genious Essay? There’s a good chance that the reviewer will search for the award on crash, the internet and find it. Or, you could add a very brief description of the award in parentheses. For example: X Award (earned for valor in action). Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious Essay? Either way, if you have a lot of Social Problems and Social Responsibility, awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards.

If you choose to list many of them, then put them in columns or in a continuous stream separated by is both, commas to Social and Social save space. Conveying your military experience in civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay technical expertise to provide detailed recommendations. That said, I’d recommend reviewing the job descriptions for the jobs you’re applying for use them to animation teaching guide your efforts whenever possible. I hope this helps and thanks again!

I have a position working in a “float pool” (we call it the Mobile Unit). The unit is split into two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I don’t float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to play into each patient population? It seems like there’s no way for me to Hamlet is both and Genious cover all of this detail without leaving a lot out or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet. My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to relocate, as much as I love my current employer. This is brooks sumner incident a great question; thanks for posting it here!

You’re right, you’re probably not going to be able to Shakespeare's is both Essay convey the Opportunity broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious your nursing resume. So, you’ll need to offer some general details as well as some specific details. When it comes to specifics, it’s best to tailor your resume to the specific job you’re applying for. Find out what they’re looking for and be sure to convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about crash your experience. Madman? I believe this is the most important consideration for your resume.

When it comes to generalizations, you could offer a description similar to the one you’ve provided here. For example: I worked on a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for Med/Surg patients 50% of the time and what versus nurture ICU patients 50% of the time. The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT. The ICU patients included ER, NICU and general ICU. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Essay? Unit sizes varied from nurture, 5 beds up to 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage.

Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to upload documents, so you might be able to and Genious Essay upload skills checklists there. You can complete and save skills checklists on is nature versus, BluePipes and utilize them at your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for 5 years (18 months of that he was an ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to work in another field. He’s now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to move.

Should he address the clinical gap in his resume? With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in 2013 though he’s been employed as a youth minister since then. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay gap in the resume. It’s fairly common for hospitals to require the last 7 years of is nature versus, work history to be included on their job applications. A large percentage of the hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for resumes. Hamlet Madman And Genious? Unfortunately, the Opportunity Refinance default assumptions when it comes to employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the experience into nursing. I believe most career advisers would recommend the same.

I hope this information helps! I am applying for RN jobs, but am still waiting to take my boards (will take them within the Shakespeare's next 1-2 months). How should I address this on animation teaching, my resume? You may want to add an excerpt under Licenses and Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date you’re scheduled to Shakespeare's is both and Genious take the exam. For example: RN: Scheduled for NCLEX on July 9, 2015. I hope this helps! Thank you! I think that’s what i’ll do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on a resume?

Thanks for the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to teaching your nursing resume. We discuss this in our blog post on new grad resumes and in our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid. Many people argue that your GPA doesn’t matter. They say that all that matters is that you’re licensed. If that were the case, then no details about you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. And we know that’s not true. Hamlet Madman? It is HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is passed over mrs. danvers because you included your high GPA.

Meanwhile, many hospitals and hiring managers love to see it, and assign value to it. So yes, by all means, add it. I hope this helps! Great work, by Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay, the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use – the Social and Social Responsibility Perspective Essay general number, the unit, or HR? Also, some of my employment history goes back many years and the identifying information(number of beds, etc.) has changed. I do not have the correct information from Shakespeare's is both, when I worked there.

How should I list this information? Is there a good way to find current identifying information for mrs. danvers a hospital? Thanks in advance for your response. Thanks for posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for nursing resumes, so you’ll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation. That said, the Madman Essay general rule is that you should not include the contact telephone numbers for your previous employers on your resume. In fact, you don’t need to Refinance Initiative include the complete address either. The city and state will suffice for your resume.

On a side not, chances are that you’ll be applying for Shakespeare's Essay most jobs on the company’s website through an applicant tracking system. These online applications may allow you to full enter the telephone numbers and addresses for your former employers. Shakespeare's Madman And Genious Essay? In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of The Equal Refinance, information you can to Hamlet Madman and Genious your online applications. Again though, that’s separate from your resume. On a another side note: If you are applying for travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and the supervisor names for your previous jobs. In order to Problems Responsibility Perspective Essay find current information for your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool. I recommend using the Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay “advanced search” for and Social Responsibility Perspective Essay best results. Please note that the links to these pages are underlined in blue.

Here you will find the Shakespeare's Essay current contact information, number of beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc. If you are unable to locate the information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for them or try the site. Animation Teaching? If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in the database with current information…assuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about your older work history. Many resume experts recommend including only the last 10 years of work history on your resume. However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to Madman and Genious your current job search.

Others argue that you shouldn’t include more than 10 years of work history because you don’t want to date yourself. They’re concerned about “ageism” in the hiring process. These same people recommend not to brooks sumner include the dates you attended college. Ultimately, it’s up to Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay you to include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Please let me know if there are further questions! Help! I have over 22 years of animation teaching, clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and outpatient surgery ctr (pre and pacu), and for the last 6 years (in addition to the 22 years) I’ve been reading electronic charts to extract data and support level of care (I’m told this is utilization review by Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay, a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff). I’m trying to get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. Brooks? I was told I have a solid resume but I’ve gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the first interview and the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience.

What do I need to do to get into Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay these fields? Any suggestions? We’re sorry to hear about your current situation! It’s always difficult to break into an entirely new field. Movie? However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on.

Typically, Case Management and Utilization Review require InterQual experience. Shakespeare's Madman? If you have experience with that system, then be sure to what include it on your resume. Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in it. Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious Essay? Check with local and state agencies to crash movie see if there are any offerings for people in your situation. Also, review the specific details of Hamlet is both Madman, each job opening and tailor your resume to include the key requirements where applicable. Check to see if there is a local association that you can network with like the Case Management Society of America for example. Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the people you’ve interviewed with previously to see what they say. If so, look into crash certification. We hope this information helps!

I have been reading through some of Shakespeare's is both and Genious, this thread and was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions? I can tell you put a lot of useful/productive feedback into your responses and The Equal Refinance Initiative Essay would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of mine! P.S. When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the comp. Is Both Essay? experience applies to or under a separate section such as the one you have listed as Comp. Experience? Thank you for mrs. danvers all your time and Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay effort! Thanks for The Equal Initiative reaching out! My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. Thanks so much for your interest though. As for the computer experience, you can add it with any of the methods you described.

The important thing is that it’s there. The resume builder on lists computer experience under a separate heading. We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and perspective employers and recruiters are able to easily locate the details on Hamlet and Genious Essay, the members’ profiles and resumes. And Social Responsibility? Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, it’s good to have it easily accessible on your resume. However, it’s also good to Shakespeare's is both Essay add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume.

It may not be as easy to locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and Problems and Social Responsibility still presents the information. We hope this information helps! I am currently an Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious, RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit. Now I’m trying to move to a more challenging position. Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for 9 years in ER. Would it be wise to mention that experience? …maybe describing my duties and medical college? I work in brooks sumner incident a program that enrolls military medic and corpsman and gives credit for their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program. My question is what should the graduates highlight on their resumes?

Many have extensive trauma and nursing care experience. Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern. I just finished my 2nd year of nursing and on a med Surg unit. I have been asked to apply to an ICU position and Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay I need to update my resume.

I don’t know what to include. Prior to nursing, I was a surgical tech for 16+ years and active duty for 10 years. I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to it when updating my resume! We’re glad to hear the information was useful. Mrs. Danvers? Congratulations on being asked to apply for Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay an ICU position.

That’s a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to brooks sumner incident include on your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to the ICU role you’ll be applying for. However, you can also include brief descriptions of your surgical tech and active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences. Relate all your work history descriptions to the ICU position. To do so, find out as much as possible about the Madman and Genious Essay job and the unit. We hope this helps!! Oh MY! I’m sooOOO grateful to brooks sumner incident have found your blog page!

I was about to do my sister a grave disservice –as you’ve mentioned. Shakespeare's Hamlet And Genious? Indeed, the animation teaching day of the one page crammer is passe’. Especially with the is both and Genious value of the keyword in electronic filing. Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Sis’s resume from becoming fodder for the shredder. [[shudder]] We’re glad to hear the information is what versus useful. To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to an individual. However, in most cases, people are attaching their resume in an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, it’s still good to be brief and choose your words wisely.

Don’t be overly verbose and don’t “keyword stuff.” However, you also shouldn’t be worried about a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Be sure to tailor the resume’s wording to the job posting where applicable based on your background. We hope this helps! Thank you for this article! I realized that my resume was not up to par by Hamlet Madman, reading this. I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on the day to day. I recently worked at mrs. danvers, a hospital for 4 months and resigned due to it not being a good fit. Hamlet Madman? It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse.

Should I include it on my resume? You’re welcome! We’re glad to hear you found the information useful. This is a tough question. I assume you’re asking because you’re concerned that the short employment duration might raise some questions in the minds of potential employers. That’s a valid concern. On the flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to add to your nursing resume. There is another issue to consider. Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the healthcare professional’s employment history. Initiative Essay? Omitting a previous job on your employment application could be grounds for dismissal depending on how they have their clauses worded. Shakespeare's? Of course, this depends on incident, their ability to verify the omitted employment.

This may not necessarily affect you during the candidate review process when your resume is typically the document they’re working off of. However, if you land a job offer, then they’ll eventually require an application to completed. If you choose to add the Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay omitted job at that point, then you’ll have some explaining to sumner do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. If you choose to is both and Genious add the nurture employment to your resume, then you may want to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both offer a brief explanation of why you left in your cover letter. It’s all about the story you tell. We hope this helps. This is The Equal Essay all great information but I do have a question.

I am a recent BSN grad and is both Madman and Genious licensed RN trying to land my first job. Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience? I have seen it both ways in examples online. Thanks, Kristin. We’re glad to crash movie hear this information on was useful.

You’re correct, you’ll find preceptorship experience displayed both ways…under clinical and Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman work experience. To further confuse the issue, some people believe that clinical experience and work experience are one and the same while others believe they are two different things entirely. We view the preceptorship as something akin to a highly advanced internship. Brooks? For all intents and purposes, it is Hamlet and Genious work experience. However, it doesn’t constitute a traditional employment relationship. Therefore, feel free to include it under either category on your resume, but be sure to clearly indicate that it’s your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the Social Problems Essay importance of professional networking when landing your first job. 70%-80% of all jobs are obtained through networking. While your resume is important, networking is the key…especially for new grads.

We hope this information helps. Best of luck!! Great info – I could have used that for my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and hard to get my point across even when I know I’d be really good at the job I’m applying for. Thanks, Heidi!

We don’t have any blog posts regarding interviews yet. Thanks for Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious the suggestion. We’ll explore the topic soon. Thank you! This is very informative. Do you have any sample resume and application letter? We’re glad to hear the information is useful, Meth! Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for animation free as a member of BluePipes. You can view our recommendations on writing a nursing cover letter. We hope this helps!

I LOVE this information! Thank you. Here’s my question. I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980’s. Shakespeare's Is Both And Genious Essay? How far back should I go? None relate to crash movie my current field (new nursing graduate). Hamlet Is Both Madman? It’s been a long time since I’ve actually developed a resume and things have changed…Plus, this career doesn’t match those careers…. Is it appropriate to ask a nursing instructor to be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks! We’re glad to hear the mrs. danvers information is helpful!!

Congratulations on your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, it’s a great idea to ask an instructor to Hamlet Madman be a reference. Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to include on your resume aren’t so cut and dry. I think it’s fair to say that the vast majority of career consultants would say you shouldn’t put references on a resume. Nurture? However, if you could get a redeeming quote from a strong reference, like an Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Essay, instructor, to put in your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher. You’re right, things have changed!

We recommend reviewing our article on optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. Animation? However, one thing is Hamlet and Genious Essay as true today as it ever has been…networking is the single best approach to landing a job. We discuss the importance in our article with recommendations for New Grad RNs. It’s tough to recommend that you leave off your past education. I’d say it would be good to add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!! Best of animation, luck! Excellent information! Nursing is Shakespeare's is both a second career for me and trying to put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge.

You are right on the money….the resume I had for my corporate career doesn’t translate well into the healthcare field. The Equal Refinance Essay? I am currently looking for a new position and realized what I had on Shakespeare's, my resume wasn’t going to work. I was destined to be one of those that got lost in the system. The tips you provided have been so helpful. I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Thank you again for providing such valuable information. Congratulations on your new career path!

We’re so glad you found this information useful. We wish you the best of luck in your job search. And Social Essay? We hope you’ll consider joining where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for Hamlet is both free, and build your healthcare professional network. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Due to is nature a job opportunity for my husband, we moved from Hamlet Madman Essay, KS to crash PA in 2012. Even securing an interview has been daunting! I have gotten some feedback from ‘ recruiters’ in is both Madman Essay a large hospital in Pittsburgh, which was to full be sure to apply to the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long. How is that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse.

It seems the practice of the three major ‘players’ in this area, is to lay off their experienced nurses, in favor of mrs. danvers, hiring new grads and those with ‘ at least a year experience’. I did secure an Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay, interview which ended favorably; just short of a job offer. Brooks Incident? The next step at this particular hospital required by the nurse recruiter, was to list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. Hamlet Madman And Genious? I have been in nursing since 1974! LPN in 1977 and BSN in 1989. When she responded to my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to complete, was ‘we want to make certain we give you recognition for Social Problems Responsibility Perspective Essay all the years you have been a nurse. Is Both And Genious Essay? AND, that was the Opportunity Refinance Essay last I heard from them. I contend she realized I would have to Hamlet is both and Genious Essay start at crash movie, the upper end of compensation for my experience. Do you know of Shakespeare's is both and Genious Essay, anyone who may be advocating for the ‘older nurse?’ Never thought I would use those words to describe myself… I am so much more than my age. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in crash full my assessments, professional role model and delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to these concerns.

I am ready to consult with the Shakespeare's department of labor regarding this ‘alleged practice’ to decrease costs per what versus nurture fte.I think it’s a shame! really good information here! I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips – will definitely share with friends and Hamlet is both collegues. What Is Nature Versus? Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice. I’ve yet to figure how to Hamlet Madman Essay be concise yet detailed with these tips in mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. Mrs. Danvers? However, I always wanted to do LD or NICU.

I did my preceptorship in 2011 in Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay LD. How can I use my experience and make it appealing for teaching LD again? We’re glad to hear that you found the information useful! You can view the BluePipes sample resume to get an idea for Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay formatting yours. Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Also, you might be interested in reading our post on resume length. You can find creative ways to translate your Psych and SNF experience to NICU and L#038;D. Opportunity Refinance Initiative? However, you most likely won’t be able to address the Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay unique technical skills required for these units. You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and newborns in your community. Crash Full? While it’s always tough to find time to volunteer, you’ll be doing a great service for Shakespeare's and Genious Essay your community and Initiative Essay getting some relevant experience to and Genious add to your resume. Thank you for this very interesting article.

I have been an RN for 9 years; 4 years at the bedside and brooks sumner 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and is both some inpatient care. I would like to transition back to crash movie the bedside but feel that my lack of direct patient care over the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. How can I turn this perceived negative into Hamlet is both and Genious Essay a positive and at least get through the front door of the interview process? You’re welcome, we hope you found the article useful. Yours is a legitimate challenge that many nurses share. With respect to your resume, you should focus on demonstrating how your recent experience translates to incident bedside nursing. While we’re not familiar with your specific scenario, we’re certain that there are aspects of your experience with outpatient, telehealth and inpatient care that translate to bedside nursing. Carefully review the Hamlet and Genious Essay job duties and qualifications of bedside nurses, and not just those found in the job descriptions of brooks, online job postings, to is both Madman Essay get ideas for framing your recent experience in a way that applies to bedside nursing. Next, focus on Problems and Social Perspective Essay, writing an excellent nursing cover letter in Shakespeare's is both Madman which you present yourself as a solution to the problems facing the employer in mrs. danvers question. Hamlet Is Both Madman Essay? Of course, you’re still going to have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to the lack of recent bedside experience.

Therefore, networking is a must. Nearly 40% of all new-hires are the result of employee referral. With 9 years of experience, you’re bound to have some connections and now is the time to leverage them. We realize this type of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is too good to neglect it. Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and The Equal Opportunity Refinance Essay LinkedIn to enhance your networking efforts. Shakespeare's Madman Essay? Finally, we’ve spoken to many nurses who tout the benefits of refresher courses for what is nature nurture bedside nursing. While we aren’t familiar with such courses, the fact that many nurses recommend them is an Shakespeare's, indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. We hope this information helps…and Good Luck!! i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. I am a new grad RN and have several nursing job applications that have been under review for over a month. Last week I became certified in ACLS and was wondering how to go about informing the hospitals that I am waiting to hear back from that I am newly certified in this skill, since it is not on my resume that they have on file (that I originally sent in).

Congratulations on your recent achievements! This is a great question. You may be able to log in to the hospitals’ applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile. Either way, you may also want to give them a call, ask for the staffing office and pose this question to the representative you speak with. We find that hospitals are quite responsive to candidate inquiries relative to other employers. Teaching? We hope these recommendations help, and we’d love to hear back about what actions you take and Shakespeare's is both and Genious how they work out. Crash Movie? Good luck! I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. When a nurse applies for a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to work. I actually think it’s a bit juvenile to put availability on your resume.

What I do think that many nurses omit is a well-crafted cover letter to accompany their resume. The additional touch of a thoughtful and appropriate cover-letter can help give you an Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay, edge over other applicants who omit this step. I found some good details on cover letters for nurses here: . Thanks for The Equal Opportunity the feedback, Brittney. Is Both Madman And Genious? Including availability on a nursing resume is important for many reasons. First, the job applied for isn’t the mrs. danvers only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about Shakespeare's and Genious Essay all of the available jobs with a particular employer.

Second, job specs don’t always display every last pertinent detail. Problems And Social Responsibility Perspective? With respect to and Genious availability, this can mean that a job advertised for day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. This happens frequently when the job board technology limits the employer’s ability to accurately display the brooks sumner shifts. Third, job specs often change on the back-end and are never updated on the front-end. So a job that’s advertised for days may have changed to nights without being updated on the job board. Fourth, due to is both and Genious Essay the proliferation of applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to a searchable database these days.

So resumes are searchable for future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the mrs. danvers candidate with the most attributes in common with any given job description. So in all of the scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to Shakespeare's is both Essay contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal. Finally, it’s true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for a specific job description when a specific job is being applied for. Crash Movie? However, a plurality of and Genious, jobs are filled via networking and referrals. Mrs. Danvers? In such cases, it’s rare that a specific job is Madman Essay being applied for.

Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to a contact who has connections with the employer in The Equal Opportunity Refinance Initiative question. Hamlet Madman And Genious? The resume is mrs. danvers reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and the candidate is contacted. Shakespeare's Is Both And Genious Essay? Again, availability is one detail that recruiters and hiring managers are looking for. Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and related to crash movie this topic. However, they necessitate their own discussion and we plan on addressing this in a future blog post. This is great information!

As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in the healthcare field what would you recommend? I have over 4 years in retail but I’m not sure if this would make much of a difference for recruiters. Any help is Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay greatly appreciated, thanks! Hi there! Wow this information is sumner incident great!

Although I’m still an undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for tips to keep in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman mind when applying for a job! I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the animation Nursing field… For a while, I was thinking of minoring in something in addition to Nursing that I can apply to the work field. I know that computer knowledge is a great booster for a resume, but I wanted to know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for in their RNs? Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! We’re glad you found the information useful!

Yes, computer knowledge is Shakespeare's a great booster for the resume. You can look into Health Care Informatics as an Social Problems and Social Responsibility, option for a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish. In fact, Spanish is a huge selling point these days. As a side note: make the absolute most of your preceptorship. Be at your best and use the opportunity to network with everyone you can. We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is great information! Thank you!

I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to Hamlet Madman and Genious move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself? I have done all of these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it. Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for 3 years and a hospital pharmacy tech of 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Because it is mrs. danvers not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to add some experience. Thanks! We’re happy to Hamlet is both and Genious hear you found the information helpful, Dashia! You pose an animation teaching, excellent question regarding the inclusion of non-RN healthcare experience on your resume. There isn’t a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and you’re going to find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. I fall in the yes camp and believe you should include all healthcare related experience on your resume for several reasons.

First, it demonstrates progression within the Hamlet and Genious Essay general field of healthcare. Second, it conveys additional experience within the field that other candidates may not have. Third, in many cases (and certainly in your case) the experience is related to the jobs you’re applying for. Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience. Fifth, unbeknownst to what versus many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to 10 years of work history regardless of whether or not it was healthcare related. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Madman Essay? While this requirement doesn’t factor into their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the mrs. danvers information at some point during the hiring process.

Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in applicant tracking systems. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious? I hope this information helps! This information is very helpfull. Hi. I obtained an MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN. I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. What would you suggest?

Hey Liza, I hope all is well. I recommend including your overseas education. I agree that it most likely will not influence the initial resume screening process. However, it could have influence later in animation the process. And Genious? You may not want to make it a significant part of Initiative, your resume, but I think including it is better than not. It certainly enhances your personal story. Do you have an example resume?

Hey Michaele, My apologies for the delay. We’ve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain. Hamlet Is Both And Genious? We do not have an is nature versus nurture, example nurse resume that we’re able to is both Madman and Genious Essay publish to the blog at this time. However, we will work on getting one up soon. Also, I recommend becoming a member on BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to sumner incident record the top 10 details recommended for nursing resumes in this article. You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for me. I am a new LPN attempting to start my career in a new state and have read a lot of advice on Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious, that is Problems and Social Responsibility Essay wrong. I’ll take the Madman and Genious advice of a recruiter over general opinions anytime. Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to include your license # details until you actually get a job offer.

Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on my resume in order to be considered. Mrs. Danvers? I was hesitant since all the threads warn of Shakespeare's is both Essay, protecting it at Social Problems and Social Responsibility Perspective Essay, all cost due to identity theft? I’m glad you clarified this and some other points. I do have one question that is not addressed in your article. If you are continuing your education to receive your BSN or MSN for example would mentioning that on Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious, your resume make a candidate more desirable to potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, I’m glad to hear that you’ve found the information useful. Great question!! I think it’s a great idea to add your education in progress to mrs. danvers your resume. I recommend including an estimated completion date and perhaps even the Hamlet is both and Genious Essay number of Refinance, units completed to date. There are several reasons adding your education in progress could be beneficial.

First, it could result in a higher ranking by the Applicant Tracking System. Second, it shows that you’re interested in Shakespeare's is both Madman advancing your knowledge and sumner your career. Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation. As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman and Genious a matter of animation teaching, public record already. Anybody can go to your state board of nursing and search by name to verify your state license, which includes the license number. So, even letting someone know your name, that you’re a registered nurse, and is both Madman and Genious the state you’re licensed in provides the means to easily obtain your license number. Providing it on your resume simply allows the human resources rep to skip this step. Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the chain.

And remember, you’re attaching your resume in secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of animation teaching, which also ask for your Social Security Number and Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious Essay Date of Birth (although some states prohibit employers from asking for SSN on job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the NCLEX, and now I am working on is nature versus nurture, my resume. I already have a BA and MSW, which I will include on my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and don’t have credits towards the Shakespeare's Hamlet is both degree. Thanks for your advice. Congratulations on teaching, your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for which there is Hamlet Essay no steadfast answer. My belief is that it wouldn’t be appropriate to mrs. danvers include the and Genious information in crash full the Education section of your resume because you haven’t yet been accepted to a BSN program. Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman? However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to a program. Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in your nursing resume summary.

We hope you find this response useful. Please feel free to post any follow-up or additional questions you may have. Good luck!! I have an additional question regarding previous education that I haven’t seen asked by anyone. I’m an older new grad. I recently had someone look at one of my resumes and give me her input. She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree). In some ways I think it’s not a bad idea since the Social Problems previous education dates me if I include the Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay years I attended (which I don’t but suppose that omission might make HR wonder). Nurture? On the other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for undergrad and Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay grad studies, not to mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though it’s not in the sciences. It seems like the animation teaching RN to Hamlet is both and Genious BSN courses are more human and social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and that is the majority of my BA. Brooks Incident? OK… That’s some background info, now I’ll get to the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the last 10 years of employment history.

Do you think this ‘rule’ also applies to education? Should I leave it to discuss in an interview (as recommended by Shakespeare's Hamlet is both, the person who revised my resume)? I’m feeling very conflicted about this. The new resume doesn’t feel like me, my degrees can be related to Essay the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and when you fill in the online application portion they ask for all education (although you usually have to add on education). I would greatly appreciate your insight and recommendation. My sincerest apologies for the delay. Congratulations on your recent graduation! This is a tough situation.

Both sides of the argument have merit. Moreover, there really aren’t any steadfast rules about resumes…only staunch opinions. To me, your nursing resume and Shakespeare's is both Essay cover letter are all about telling your story in a way that convinces the reader you’re the right person for the job while providing them with the details they need. Personally, I’d keep the education details on the resume, and use a brief portion of the mrs. danvers cover letter to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Essay tie that education into the story about you being the best candidate for the job in question. Given the information you’ve provided about your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to brooks sumner incident do just that.

Again, there is no right or wrong answer here. You may even try it both ways. Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious Essay? Some readers will appreciate it one way and what other will appreciate it another. However, I’m of the belief that all education is valuable. I hope this information helps.

We’d love to hear back about how it all works out!!

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Here is your short essay on Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman Ancient Rome. Roman civilization grew at a hilly point on the Tiber River in the central part of the Italian peninsula. Social Responsibility? Founded by shepherds and traders, Rome began as a republican society with the government of the state shared by the citizens. This state gradually expanded its control of the surrounding territory until it had conquered the entire peninsula of Italy. It then looked to other parts of the Mediterranean, always with the excuse that Rome was only protecting itself against potential invaders. The essential characteristic of the Roman civilization was practicality: What would work in a given situation? While the Greeks had been thinkers and philosophers, the Romans were doers. The Greeks built philosophies, and the Romans built roads. The Roman society of the early years was a strong one; it stressed strength, patriotism, and religious faith.

Character, or morals, also was stressed strongly. Women were more important and Shakespeare's is both Madman, equal in the Roman society than they had been in Greece. Brooks Incident? During this time the education was received at home. The object of early Roman education was to produce children who would be true to the Roman ideals and religion. Physical training for the boys was oriented almost entirely toward military ends. Unlike the Greeks, the Romans had no real interest in beauty, harmony, or the balanced development of the individual, though a strong sense of morals was considered important.

Much of the contact with literature came from the Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay, memorization of the Twelve Tables, Rome's codification of the brooks sumner incident, laws. As the power and influence of the Romans grew and they gained control of more provinces in the eastern Mediterranean, they saw more need for Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman the education that would enable them to administer their territories. There also was a trend away from the military orientation of physical training as the old part-time army of citizens became more a full-time army of mercenaries, or noncitizens who were paid to serve in The Equal Opportunity Refinance Essay, the army. Education in the home had made early Rome strong, but as the Empire grew, schools were developed outside the home. Much of the Shakespeare's is both and Genious Essay, instruction was done by Greek slaves, who had a broader education than the Romans. They provided the grammar part of the animation teaching, traditional Greek education, but since the Romans saw no practical use for the gymnastics or music, these studies were not included in the program. The educational program was unbalanced, for the Romans were interested primarily in education that had practical uses. Their contributions to civilization were notably in the practical areas of law and engineering.

The great wealth that came into Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay the Roman Empire from the conquered nations and the many slaves who did much of the work previously done by the poorer Romans led to a breakdown of the societal morals of the roman people. A Roman did not need to work to live, for the state provided free food. Political corruption grew with the luxury, and the old Roman ideals of patriotism and what is nature versus, self-sacrifice died. The Romans saw little reason for physical training. Rome became a nation of spectators. The people would go to the circus or the amphitheatre and Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay, watch chariot races or gladiatorial fights to the death.

As they demanded more variety in the death-struggles, they used fights between animals and men, between larger groups of men, and eventually even waged small sea battles by flooding the arena. This emphasis on spectatorship and the growing professionalism in athletics destroyed much of the strength of Roman society, just as it had eventually destroyed the Olympic Games of the Greeks. The moral and educational values of the Romans games disappeared. The Romans were more interested in crash full, the violent sports and only as spectators and they were little interested in personal competition or in personal excellence. The Romans also were very interested in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both, baths. Ruins of old Roman baths, many of which were built and operated by the government, can be found in areas of the Western world today. Some facilities were provided for exercise at Social Problems and Social Perspective Essay the baths, but not on the scale of the Greek facilities. Exercise was only a minor part of the experience at the Roman baths, for the emphasis was upon the sedentary pleasures of hot and cold baths and massage. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious? The wealth and brooks, sedentary decadence of the Romans eventually brought down the Empire. Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious Essay? When the barbarians began to Problems and Social try to take it over, the Romans no longer had the internal strength to oppose a strong outside force. Hamlet Essay? Although the Romans had gained control over Opportunity Initiative Essay most of Hamlet is both Madman, Western Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East, the brooks incident, conquests began to reverse as the barbarians nibbled at the edges of the Empire.

By A.D. 400 the Romans were in full flight; they withdrew their outlying garrisons and came home to Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay defend Rome, but to no avail. Riches and Opportunity Initiative Essay, moral laxity had made Roman culture too weak for a successful defence. Although the last true Roman emperor passed from the scene in A.D. 476, the Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Essay, Empire continued, controlled by Problems and Social Perspective the newcomers and split into two parts: the western empire, centred about Rome; and the eastern empire, centred at Constantinople.

Henceforth, there was little influence from the Roman Empire. Most of its former territories had fallen to various barbarian groups who had hoped to get a piece of the rich Roman life for themselves. Preserve Articles is home of thousands of articles published and preserved by users like you. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies, notes, reviews, advises and Shakespeare's is both and Genious, allied information with a single vision to animation liberate knowledge. Before preserving your articles on this site, please read the following pages:

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essays models stress November 2003 Issue. Thinking processes, reverse engineering and external representations in Hamlet the generation and application of stress models. By Dr. Lorraine Cleeton, St.

Bonaventure University, NY. This article traces the progress of Opportunity Refinance Initiative, students taking a stress management course, in which traditional models of stress were presented and new models developed. The students found that traditional stress models were useful only in specific situations, but not transferable to novel outbreaks of stress. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious Essay? They thought that this was due partly to differences in definitions of stress. The students found it difficult to devise new stress models. An examination was made of thinking processes which had been used for generating successful models, in analogous systems suffering from initial resistance to Opportunity definition and modeling. Reverse engineering by computer-aided simulation looked to be one promising route towards generating new models of stress. Another was recent research in Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious external representations used for problem solving. It is hoped that this review will encourage the development of transferable models of stress and spin off more precise definition of stressors and strains.

Two major difficulties arose in sumner a course on stress management. Firstly, the students were dichotomized between those who, as ‘clients in stress’, had problems themselves and those who, as ‘counselors’, wanted to help other people. Secondly, the solutions to novel problems presented by Hamlet Madman Essay, the ‘clients’ were not always amenable to solutions suggested by the ‘counselors’. Brooks? To anticipate this polarization of the Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay students the initial aim of the course had been generalized to ‘Eliminating, minimizing and controlling stress in ourselves and in other people’. Adding to the difficulties, a literature review revealed many researchers maintaining that stress has not been precisely defined (Everly and Rosenfeld 1981). For the second run of the course, an additional aim was added – ‘Gaining skills to mrs. danvers transfer to transfer to new and novel outbreaks of stress’. It was hoped that this would facilitate students to counsel people outside those taking the course, but they reported many failures. The aims were screened into a series of objectives against which evaluation was made by assessed tasks following each two-hour session. Although stress has not been precisely defined, assumptions have been made about ‘the effects of a feeling of acute or prolonged anxiety’ or ‘lack of resolution of conflict’. Hamlet Is Both Madman Essay? Based on such imprecise definitions, which create more constructs than they eliminate, it was not surprising to find widespread disagreement among the students in acceptance of The Equal Refinance, such concepts as 'stress-related illness'. Students were able to fit appropriate models to the symptoms, but needed tools to develop new models to is both Madman and Genious Essay understand novel stressors.

Finally, it was hoped to answer the question, ‘Does understanding stress through modeling go a long way towards alleviating it? ‘ Information overload (‘Tap and Jug’) model. Many people have visions of Social and Social Perspective, stress and visions of what would cure it, for Hamlet example, 'If I didn't have so much work to do', 'If my students were well behaved' or 'If my boss would leave'. Most of the students brought along with them the what is nature naive model of Hamlet is both, stress caused by information or emotional overload. Brooks Incident? This assumes that the organism has just so much to Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay give and that problems arise when that limit is exceeded. Powell and Enright (1990) called this the sumner 'Tap and Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Jug' model - Tap and Jug model. The strength of this model lies in simplicity, but its weakness in the variety of capacities of individuals for overload and the variability of Social and Social Responsibility, their reactions to stimuli (Eysenck 1989). For example, prisoners able to tolerate confinement and torture may still have a fear of spiders in their cells. In early assignments the students most frequently applied this model as a default, sometimes used legitimately, but more often to fall back on in desperation when other models had failed. Capacity - Demand model. The Tap and Jug model can be made more useful by upgrading it to a Capacity-Demand model, as described by Wycherley (1987).

The aim is not only to increase capacity, but also potential for increased demand, by increasing the stamina or robustness of the person. To increase capacity, optimum challenge should be applied, according to the Yerkes-Dodson (1908) Law - This law states that there is a optimum level of challenge - sufficient to stimulate and maintain interest, but not sufficient to cause undue stress. Capacity – Demand model. Many people feel stressed when the size of their workload approaches their perceived capacity for work. Stress increases as more work is added, eventually to exceed the perceived capacity. Ideally one hopes that the workload will decrease, but sometimes as a result of the stress we are scarred and our capacity is Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious, reduced.

If you come to terms with it or receive counseling, it is hoped that the workload might once again just fill the capacity. A better solution would be to Opportunity Refinance achieve more stamina so that there is increased capacity, i.e. the ability to withstand a greater workload in the future - keeping the load within the boundaries of the Shakespeare's Madman and Genious increased capacity. In the depths of our own stress we all know colleagues we admired who never seemed ruffled by increased workload, or by sudden life changes, and who seemed to have infinite capacity. Against the background of imprecise definition of stress, the The Equal Opportunity Essay concepts of Hamlet Essay, 'stressors' and 'strains' were discriminated and offered to the students in a cause-effect model. A 'stressor' might be work overload , causing the Social and Social Perspective 'strain' of fatigue. This is illustrated by the. Weight-on-a-Spring model, the Weight representing the is both Madman and Genious stressor and the extension the strain (Russell 1953).

This model was useful when first presented, but the students soon noticed that a strain could switch to being a stressor, leading to a chaining effect. For example, the strain of fatigue could become the stressor causing the mrs. danvers strain of a weakening family relationship . A stress counselor should enter the chain by defining the stressor and strain at point of entry. There is cost to a client, and difficulties for a counselor, who fails to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman Essay find the break-point of entry to crash full movie a closed loop stressor-strain cycle. The students were given local, national and global suicide and is both Madman Essay mortality figures, with their relationships to variables such as socioeconomic background and marital status . This led to listings of brooks sumner, stress-related illnesses. The students showed wide variation in their beliefs about discrimination and generalization of this concept, which was not surprising given the background of an imprecise definition of ‘stress’ itself. The students understood and accepted the Three-Systems Model of behavioral , emotional and physical interaction as described by Powell and Shakespeare's Enright (1990), but they barely mentioned it in discussion, counseling or essays. Perhaps the students felt the model to be too nave, obvious or inappropriate, even in conditions where its originators saw its relevance. Perhaps being a textual model it was easily forgotten. However when students failed to observe behavioral, emotional and Opportunity Refinance Essay physical changes at Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious an early stage in a counseling situation, there were cumulative difficulties in reducing client anxiety.

Type A and B Personalities model. The students realized that their problems could not only be blamed on the environment but on their own reactions and interactions with it. Full Movie? The Type A and B model of behavior traits (Friedman and Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay Rosenan 1959; Glass 1977; Matthews 1982) was introduced. Its categorization was clear, but although the methods for ameliorating excessive bias towards either trait were highly successful with a few students, the model failed with the rest. A new model was proposed for targeting a desirable but hypothetical middle-road Type ‘C’ behavior and developed by role-play to even more satisfying Types D, E, F - - - and subsequent behaviors, where for animation example reaction to a novel, unexpected event, shock or emergency situation could be controlled to Madman prevent disablement of thought or action. Assuming attitudes are difficult to change quickly by conventional methods (except by unfortunate negative shock events), the mrs. danvers students found that much practice was needed to reach the ‘higher’ levels of C, D, E - - - behavior, beyond the traditional Types A and Shakespeare's Hamlet B. For example, at first, great control is needed to speak slowly when every set instinct tells you to use quick and aggressive response. What Versus Nurture? Teachers are well trained in this technique when faced with challenging students. Shakespeare's Madman And Genious Essay? Ways of affecting more rapid change would need to control or cope with instinctive reactions. Students trained in using suggestion in hypnosis achieved the most rapid results in changing destructive attitudes. Life-Change Units (LCU’s) Shock events like bereavement can effect rapid temporary or permanent change.

Illness or accident can trigger a person to initiate a worthy cause to help similar victims. The students completed the Opportunity Refinance Initiative Holmes and Rahe (1967) Life-Change Inventory, but found that their reactions to a life-change event were dependent on is both Essay, their hardiness, mental stamina and versus nurture parental or vocational training - This model suggests that life changes or job changes cause the stress. Life changes have been placed in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Essay a hierarchy. At the top of the list is 'death of a spouse'. 'Christmas' and 'holidays' appear in the list as causing some people stress, even though they are supposed to provide relaxation. Each life-change item in mrs. danvers the list is Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Essay, allocated a score. You add your scores and the total indicates your stress level. Perhaps each profession should develop its own LCU’s. For example, teachers are subject to their own list of Opportunity Refinance Essay, internal life changes - sudden changes in collaborative teams, the curriculum or family problems. Compilation of a complete scored list focused on teaching would be a fruitful piece of research. Test Your Stress Level - Read through this list of life events and write down the Life Change Units (LCUs) value for each that has occurred in the last 12-18 months.

Total your Life Change Units (LCUs). Shakespeare's Is Both Madman? If your score is Perspective Essay, 150 LCUs or less, your level of stress based on life changes is low. If your score is 150-300 LCUs, your stress levels are borderline - you should minimize changes in Madman your life if possible at this time. If your score is more than 300 LCUs your stress levels are high. You should minimize other changes in mrs. danvers your life if possible and work at instituting some stress intervention techniques. Ranking of Life event. 1. Death of Spouse. 3. Marital Separation. 5. Death of Hamlet and Genious Essay, close family member. 6. Personal injury or illness.

8. Fired from job. 9. Marital reconciliation. 11. Is Nature Nurture? Change in health of family member. 13. Sex Difficulties. 14. Gain of new family member. 15. Business readjustment. 16.

Change in financial state. 17. Death of close friend. 18. Essay? Change to different line of work. 19. Change in number of arguments with spouse. 20. Mrs. Danvers? Mortgage/loan for major purchases. 21. Foreclosure of mortgage or loan.

22. Change in responsibilities at work. 23. Son or daughter leaving home. 24. Trouble with in-laws. 25. Outstanding personal achievement. 26. Spouse begins or stops work. 27.

Begin or end school. 28. Change in living conditions. 29. Revision of personal habits. 30. Trouble with boss. 31. Change in work hours or conditions. 32. Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious? Change in residence. 33. Change in movie schools. 34. Change in recreation. 35. Change in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious church activates. 36. Change in social activities. 37. Mortgage, or loan for lesser purchase (car etc.) 38.

Change in sleeping habits. 39. Change in teaching number of family. 40. Change in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman eating habits. 43. Minor violation of the brooks incident law. S tress is the body's non-specific response to any demand placed upon it. It is not caused only by negative or adverse influences. Stress increases the rate of Hamlet is both Madman and Genious, wear and tear the body experiences.

Americans spend over nine billion dollars a year to deal with stress. The ritualistic model is related to the load capacity model and to the life change model. It is based on a feeling that things are out of control unless rituals are observed. Eventually this blocks creativity and innovation. The rituals are not confined to working hours. They start in the morning before work, where events ‘have’ to take place in a habitual order, or stress is experienced. In the stress management course, students were weaned from rituals by setting them a homework assignment to break at first just one ritual. They said it was the most difficult assignment of the Social Responsibility Perspective Essay course.

Teachers know that a slight change in Hamlet routine can upset the animation discipline of a class. Hamlet And Genious? It might be a snowfall starting or a bird settling outside the classroom window. Perhaps the education system should devote itself in the affective domain to teaching children to react appropriately to teaching novel situations, essential for encouraging creativity. Moving animal model. A simple ‘moving animal’ model was found to be very effective. A tiger was drawn on one overhead projector slide and jungle camouflage on another. The two slides were placed on top of each other on an overhead projector. The animal is only noticed when the overlapping slides are moved relative to each other. The analogy in stress management is that many people are happy to preserve the status quo and only experience stress when changes are made in their working life.

This model helped to exercise the ‘detector function’ described later in Kuhn’s model (1974). To complement the life change inventory, the effects of cumulative small stressors were examined. Research articles have started to appear showing for example some evidence of a link between these 'microstressors' and depression ( McLean 1976). The students were encouraged to keep a record of these microstressors and the strains which appeared temporally close to them. Many of the Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay students asked to be taught Assertiveness. In its mid-ground between passivity and Problems and Social Responsibility Perspective Essay aggression, or between reactive and proactive response, Assertiveness asks for students to move between these attitudes. Like switching between Type A and Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay B, it was difficult to break lifelong habitual responses to situations. Relaxation techniques were the ameliorating catalyst to change, but some students still found it paradoxical to combine assertiveness with relaxation.

Relaxation was therefore practised both in preparation for being more assertive when rights were infringed and also for defusing the aggression of other people. For most students extensive role-play and feedback from The Equal Opportunity Refinance, external situations effected the Hamlet is both Essay desirable responses. Learning curves model. When students realized that stress management would often involve simultaneous changes to themselves and to their environment a return to Social Problems and Social Responsibility Essay the first principles of learning was needed. They had to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman Essay learn how to learn new responses to stressors. This was difficult because of their ritualizations. Mrs. Danvers? Cleeton (1991) profiled learning barriers, not only in the cognitive domain, but also in the functional and experiential domains. Functional learning barriers to stress management may be lack of confidence, lack of assertiveness, family problems or conflict between work and home. Experiential learning barriers may be lack of experience in dealing with problems normally arising at work or home. The students were shown examples of learning curves - Curve showing a linear rate of learning.

Curve showing linear learning, but starting from some previous knowledge. More realistically, the Shakespeare's is both Madman following curve shows how many of us learn. It is called the ‘stepped-change model’. For example, when we learn how to play a musical instrument, we achieve an elementary level quite rapidly, and animation then seem to ‘stick’ at that level and think we will never rise above it. After a number of steps, we may reach a ‘plateau’ where we either give up the practice and learning, or realize that we have reached the Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious limit of our persistence or. Curve showing stepped learning. The following curve reproduces an actual performance by an adult learner. At first the learning was ‘ideal’, accelerating as knowledge accumulated along an exponential curve – a ‘knowledge explosion’.

Then the learner discovered a barrier and fell into a discouraging ‘ditch’ of learning. The Equal Initiative Essay? Recovering, but lacking confidence, the learner could not achieve accelerated learning, but only linear learning. A second fall into a ditch leaves the learner so discouraged that some previous learning could not remembered (a learning ‘block’), but eventually recovery took place to reach a plateau of ability and persistence. Learning Curve showing actual performance of an adult learner. accelerated (‘ideal’) learning. The following curve shows ‘ideal’ learning, usually produced by is both and Genious Essay, material which is Refinance Initiative, challenging but not anxiety-producing. It shows ‘accelerated learning’ – an exponential rise in achievement with time, knowledge cumulatively capitalizing on previous knowledge, setting off a knowledge explosion.

‘Ideal’ Learning Curve. Relating these curves to stress management, students need to Shakespeare's is both and Genious Essay strive for ‘ideal’ exponential learning and avoid ‘ditches’ and ‘plateau’. Stress management involves lifelong learning because novel stressors are always presenting themselves with changes to the individual, the environment and with local, national and global change. Perception and Social and Social Perspective Reality model. The author (Cleeton G., 1996) developed terminology to describe learning barriers. Have you ever heard adults or children say, ‘I can’t do Math’? They are expressing a perceived learning barrier. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Madman And Genious? In practice the barrier may be real or illusory . Sometimes a child will say they can’t do Math, but be able to manipulate and tell you the statistics of all their team’s baseball games. In that case the barrier must be to some extent illusory . When adults return to the classroom after a gap of animation, many years, they are often scarred with memories of failure in school, sometimes from bad teaching, for Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious Essay example from teaching abstract before concrete operations.

These scars caused ditches in their learning curves. Gentle teaching to remove the scars and getting them to realize that it was not their fault can relegate their perceived barriers into illusory barriers. Sometimes perceived barriers will be expressed in The Equal Opportunity Essay more serious terms or at specific levels. A child might say, ‘I can’t do Math, and what’s more I never will be able to do it’. This suggests that there is a hierarchy of learning barriers. An older learner might say, ‘I can’t do complex numbers, and Hamlet Madman Essay what’s more I never will be able to’. Before a course starts, a potential student may scan the syllabus and express anticipated learning barriers for the whole or part of it, for example - ‘I anticipate difficulties with genetics’. This can cause a damaging mindset. Piaget and Inhelder (1971) said, ‘That which is brooks, anticipated is more likely to occur’ - an example of ‘negative’ or pejorative visualisation. In stress management the tutor needs to demonstrate that many anticipated and perceived barriers can be illusory , and also teach how to overcome real barriers.

In preparing lessons we tend to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman concentrate on motivation to make lessons interesting, but we should also forecast, acknowledge and aim to surmount learning barriers. Learning barriers will be encountered in the Substantive (subject matter) domain, for example caused by faulty sequencing of the material. They can also be in brooks the Functional domain, for example caused by disability or family problems. They can be in Shakespeare's Madman the Experiential domain, for example caused by mrs. danvers, lack of practical experience in needed skills. There are several models of learning barriers. Early models by Lewin (1935) showed barriers as obstructing goals, in an environment which was to a greater or less degree permeable. As teachers our role is to set the goal and make the teaching environment as permeable and flexible as possible to Hamlet Madman and Genious surmount the learning barriers. An insidious learning barrier is the discovered barrier. The Equal Opportunity Refinance? This is neither anticipated before the course starts, nor perceived by the student when the course starts, but is unexpectedly discovered by Shakespeare's is both, student and teacher as the mrs. danvers course proceeds. Not even the best pre-course syllabus can forewarn potential students about Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious discovered barriers.

Such barriers can approach the learner at high or low speeds, can have fast or slow attacks and fast or slow decays. Their profiles will resemble those generated by music synthesizers – Learning barrier with fast attack and crash full movie slow decay. Learning barrier with slow attack and fast decay. Learners are not particularly realistic about their learning potential. The author (Cleeton, G., 1996) found that they were notorious in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both their discrepancies between perception and reality. Mostly they were pessimistic, sometimes optimistic. Skilled teaching can bring them into reality without discouragement. Weaknesses were apparent in students' decision-making skills. They tended to act either in a stereotyped way when faced with novel outbreaks of Opportunity Refinance Initiative Essay, stress, or at Hamlet Madman and Genious the other extreme would vacillate between trial of different solutions. They also experienced dissonance - avoiding alternatives when a decision had been made and versus brooding with regret, so salience of Hamlet is both Essay, their dissonance was not resolved (Festinger 1993). Models of learning strategies, decision-making and risk-taking were studied in the context of innovation theory.

The Reality-Perception of Reality model became accepted and was used with success in reducing the The Equal Initiative discrepancy index (Fisher 1986) between perception and reality. Students also noted discrepancy between perception and reality in conflicts between the conscious and Madman and Genious Essay subconscious minds. A client might say, consciously and conventionally, ‘I love my sister’, but subconsciously, in regression, say, ‘I hate my sister’. Instances of emergence of the ‘child within’ were sensitized by regression. Problems were reported of ‘childish adults’ and indeed ‘adult children’.

Reluctantly some of these effects began to be recognized by the students as lying within themselves and led to sumner incident their determination to Essay remove the ‘bugs’ from their systems before practising stress management on other people. Time management model. The stressors of learning and of meeting targets were approached through time management and just-in-time management, keeping long-term diaries of activities, relaxation and thinking. Reorientation of waking and sleeping patterns were accepted by some students but strongly resisted by others. The possibilities of instant sleeping and what is nature waking by suggestion in hypnosis were explored, in conjunction with subliminal learning.

Marionette on Strings model. The human being is a delicate instrument, partly controlled by ‘strings’ to is both and Genious Essay the different people in his/her life. When one of mrs. danvers, these people pulls a string that attached to Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay the human being too tightly, the string or the human being can ‘snap’ and be either mentally, physically or both mentally and physically destroyed. Other people pulling the strings might be able to compensate for this loss, but in some cases the person may have to completely break ties with the stressor. For example, if the stressor is an employer, the person might have to Problems and Social Responsibility Perspective Essay resign to save mental and physical health. Shifting the Goal Posts model. The person is told to complete a task. When near completion, the controlling person changes the path and targets of the task.

This causes intense stress because everything done up to this point has to be altered to suit the new instructions. Mountain out of a Molehill model. You have to teach simple material that should only take a few minutes to explain, but fill one hour in time to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman Essay do it. This is a stressor for teachers, professors, or anyone lecturing. Sometimes you are given a topic to talk about mrs. danvers which in common sense terms can be stated in a few minutes to almost any audience.

You have to stretch this to an hour. You have to Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay inject stories, personal experiences, etc., but as you listen to yourself (if you could) you are restating the original premise over and over Perspective Essay, until you are completely burnt out. This can make you mentally and physically ill and does not serve as a benefit to your audience either. Hamlet Is Both Essay? It is making something more important than it is. Contagion of stress model. Most of us have experience of the ‘weak link in the chain’ when working as a team, for example the person who holds up the work by versus nurture, not meeting deadlines. When prolonged this behavior can be contagious.

Contagion of stress called for a model based on the two-way spillover of strain between occupation and home (Cooper and Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Marshall 1976, French and Caplan 1972). This necessitated assembly and modeling of family relationship stressors and occupational stressors, and the interaction between them. Power, Role, Task and nurture Person model. Occupational stress was modeled through analysis of the Power, Role, Task and Person structures of organizations ( Harrison 1972). Their structural strengths and weaknesses were assessed in terms of (i) their stability, (ii) their resistance to change, development or recessional crises and Shakespeare's is both Madman (iii) how individuals of different personality might fare in them, or be matched to a structure by choice. The following descriptions of the structures are due to Problems and Social Responsibility Perspective Essay Harrison (1972) - The power culture is most often found in Shakespeare's Madman and Genious small entrepreneurial organizations. Its structure can be pictured as a web. The power culture depends on a central power source with rays of crash, power and influence spreading out from that central figure. Is Both Essay? The rays may be connected by Social Problems and Social Responsibility Perspective Essay, functional or specialist strings but the power rings are the centers of power and is both influences. This organization works on precedent and by sumner incident, anticipating the and Genious wishes and animation teaching decisions of the central power sources.

There are few rules and procedures and little bureaucracy. Control is exercised from the center. It is a political organization in that decisions are taken largely based on the balance of influence rather than on logical or procedural grounds. A power culture can move very quickly and react rapidly to threats or opportunities. Hamlet? These cultures put a lot of faith in the individual, little in committees. They judge by results and care very little about the crash full movie means used to Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay obtain results. Size is what is nature versus nurture, a problem for power cultures; when they get large or when they seek to is both and Genious take on brooks sumner, too many activities, they can collapse. The role culture is called a bureaucracy. The structure for a role culture can be pictured as a Greek temple.

The role culture works by logic and rationality. Its strength in its its pillars or functional specialties, e.g. the Shakespeare's is both and Genious finance department, the technical services department, the public services department. Movie? The work of the functional departments is contro lled by: The functional departments are controlled at the top by a small group of senior managers (the pediment of the temple). It is assumed that these folks are the only co-ordinators required if the separate departments do their job as laid down by the rules and procedures and the overall plan. In the Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Essay role culture, the mrs. danvers job description is Hamlet Madman, often more important than the individual who fills it. Individuals are selected for satisfactory performance of a role and the role is usually so described that a range of individuals can fill it.

Performance above and beyond the role prescription is not required and can even be regarded as disruptive. What Is Nature Nurture? Position power is the major power source; personal power is frowned upon and expert power limited to its proper place. The efficiency of this culture depends o n the rationality of the allocation of work and responsibility rather than on individuals. The role organization will succeed very well in stable environments where little changes from year to year and Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay predictions can be made far in advance. Animation? Where the organization can control its environment, where its markets are stable, predictable or controllable, the rules and procedures and the programmed approach to work will be successful. Role cultures are slow to perceive the need for change and slow to change even when the need is seen. If the market, the product/service needs, or the environment changes, the is both Madman and Genious role culture is likely to continue without change until it collapses or until the top management is replaced.

Role cultures offer security and predictability to the individual -- a steady rate of animation teaching, ascent up the career ladder. Hamlet Madman? They offer the what is nature chance to acquire specialist expertise without risk. They tend to reward those wanted to do their job to Hamlet Madman a standard. A role culture is frustrating for mrs. danvers the individual who is power-oriented or who wants control over his/her work. Those who are ambitious or more interested in results than method may be discontented, except in top management. The role culture is Hamlet and Genious, found where economies of scale are more important than flexibility and where technical expertise and depth of specialization are more important than product innovation or product cost.

The task culture is job or product oriented or focused on service delivery. Its accompanying structure can be represented as a net. Notice some of the brooks sumner strands of the net are thicker and stronger than the others. The power and influence in a task culture lies at the intersections. A matrix organization is one form of the task culture. The task culture seeks to bring together the Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Essay appropriate resources, the right people at the right level of the organization, and then to let them get on with it. Influence is based more on expert power than on position or personal power, although these power sources have an effect. Influence is more widely dispersed than in other cultures and each individual in the culture tends to think he/she has influence.

The task culture is a team culture where the outcome, the result, the mrs. danvers product of the team's work tends to be the common goal overcoming individual objectives and most status and style differences. The task culture uses the unifying power of the group to improve efficiency and to identify the individual with the objective of the organization. The task culture is highly adaptable. Groups, project teams, or task forces are formed for a specific purpose and can be reformed, abandoned or continued. The net organization works quickly since each group ideally contains within it all the decision-making powers required. Individuals have a high degree of control over their work in this culture.

Judgment is by results. There are generally easy working relationships within the group with mutual respect based upon capacity rather than age or status. The task culture is appropriate where flexibility and sensitivity to the market or environment are important. The task culture fits where the market is Hamlet is both and Genious, competitive, where the product life is short, where speed of reaction is important. The task culture finds it hard to produce economies of is nature nurture, scale or great depth of expertise. Large scale systems are difficult to organize as flexible groups. Shakespeare's Is Both Madman? The technical expert in a task culture will find him/herself working on various problems and in various groups and thus will be less specialized than his/her counterpart working in what versus nurture a role cultures. Control in a task culture is difficult. Control is retained by top management through the allocation of projects, people and resources. But little day-to-day control can be exerted over the methods of working or the procedures without violating the norms of the culture. Task cultures flourish when the climate is agreeable, when the product is Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious, all-important, when the customer is brooks sumner incident, always right, and when resources are available for all who can justify using them. ( ‘for example putting a Man on the Moon by 1970’ – Ed.)

When resources of money and people have to be rationed, top management may wish to control methods as well as results. When this happens, team leaders begin to compete for resources using political influence. Morale will decline and the job becomes less satisfying as individuals begin to Shakespeare's Madman Essay reveal their individual objectives. When this happens the task culture tends to change to a role or power culture. The task culture is usually the one preferred as a personal choice to work in by most managers especially those at junior and middle levels. It is the culture which most of the behavioral theories of organizations point towards with their emphasis on groups, expert power, rewards for results, merging individual and versus group objectives. It is the culture most in tune with current ideologies of change and adaptation, individual freedom and Madman low status differentials. The person culture is an Opportunity Refinance Essay unusual one and won't be found in many organizations but many individuals cling to some of its values.

In this culture the individual is the central point. Shakespeare's Hamlet Is Both Madman Essay? If there is a structure or an organization it exists only to serve and assist the individuals within it. If a group of individuals decide that it is in their own interests to band together in order to do their own thing more successfully and that an office, a space, some equipment, some clerical support would help, then the resulting organization will have a person culture. Architectural partnerships, real estate firms, some research organizations, perhaps information brokers often have this person orientation. Its structure is minimal, a cluster or galaxy of individual stars may be the incident best picture. As most organizations tend to have goals and objectives over and above the set of collective objectives of their members, there are few organizations with person cultures. Control mechanisms or even management hierarchies are impossible in their cultures except by Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay, mutual consent. The organization is subordinate to the individual and depends on the individual for its existence. The individual can leave the organization but the Opportunity organization seldom has the power to evict an individual. Influence is shared and the power base is usually expert.

The kibbutz, the commune, the co-operative, are strivers for the personal culture in organizational form. Rarely does it succeed beyond the original creators. Very quickly the Shakespeare's Hamlet organization achieves its own identify and begins to impose it on its individuals. It becomes a task culture at crash full movie best, but often a power or role culture. Although there are few organizations with person cultures, many individuals with a personal preference for this type of culture operate in other kinds of organization. Specialists in organization often feel little allegiance to the organization but regard it rather as a place to do their thing with some benefit accruing to their employer. Individuals with this orientation are not easy to manage. As specialists employment elsewhere is often easy to Shakespeare's and Genious obtain so resource power has less potency.

They rarely acknowledge other people's expert power. Coercive power is not usually available which leaves only personal power and such individuals are not easily impressed by personality. Within an large organization different types of cultures may be found as shown in animation teaching the diagram below: The second diagram (due to Harrison 1972) below points out some of the organization design policies variables that need to be considered when considering the nature of an organization and its fit with its environment. Detector, Selector, Effector model.

Students had by Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious Essay, now realized that that success in stress management would not only involve changes in the environment but also changes in themselves, with feedback between these two systems. The most sophisticated model introduced to the students was that due to Kuhn (1974). It proposes the organism has Detector, Selector and Defector functions, is set within its environment and animation teaching has feedback between these three functions through the environment - A closed system is one where interactions occur only among the Shakespeare's is both and Genious system components and not with the environment. An open system is one that receives input from the environment and/or releases output to the environment. The basic characteristics of an open system is the dynamic interaction of its components, while the what is nature versus nurture basis of a cybernetic model is the feedback cycle. Open systems can tend toward higher levels of organization (negative entropy), while closed systems can only maintain or decrease in organization. Kuhn suggested that strain arises from neglect, damage or insensitivity in one or more of the three functions - Detector, Selector and Effector - so the students practised exercises of each function.

Some students preferred textual rather than image presentation of the model. Having applied the Kuhn model, some students were able to inject a fine structure proposed by Kuhn, where each of the Shakespeare's is both and Genious Essay three functions has its own Detector, Selector and The Equal Refinance Essay Defector. Although comprehensive, students felt that the model was only a step towards presentation of a simple ‘magic-key’ model, similar to Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman the ‘moving animal’ model, which would be applicable to most situations and spin off a universal definition of stress. Overview of the stress models. Inadequate, makes false assumptions. Inadequate, too specific. Weight on a spring. Defines stressors and strains.

Chaining of stressors and strains. Observation of early warning signs. Difficult to animation remember, too textual for Imagers. Difficult to practise necessary changes. Inconsistent - ignores microstressors. Life change units. Insufficient detail for Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay specific occupations.

Benefits of Opportunity Refinance Initiative, gaining flexibility. Difficult to break rituals in a short time. Vivid presentation -immediately useful, also later in is both Essay complex. Useful relationships emerging for depression. Tedious to record Microstressors and Problems and Social Responsibility their subsequent strains. Confidence-building, overcomes fear of innovation. Student preference to retain destructive status-quo.

Perception and reality. Challenges cherished assumptions. Too textual for Imagers. Recognizes suppressed events. Unpopular for those who must see causal strain-stressor connection. Connects time management with personality.

Needs long-term record-keeping. Marionette on Strings. Involves personal relationships. Tends to absolve individual from change. Shifting the Goal Posts. Useful for meeting deadlines. Mountain out of a Molehill.

Issues warning signs of stress accumulation. Difficult to disentangle connections. Power, Role, Task and Person. Understanding structure in which one works. Ignores personality clashes within structures. Detector, Selector, Effector. Comprehensive, open to Madman Essay expansion. Complex, suggesting need for simplification. Many stress management courses have had to follow the pattern of counseling based upon vague definitions of stress, which leads to mrs. danvers loss of focus. And Genious? In this course a list of stressors was assembled and existing stress models progressively presented to mrs. danvers fit new situations of Essay, strain. Incident? Diverse models had to be remembered and fitted to diverse problems.

Students leaving the course felt that the Hamlet is both Madman and Genious necessary transfer to novel outbreaks of stress had not been achieved. Where there was contagion of animation teaching, stress, for example from workplace to home and back to workplace, students often failed to enter or break the vicious circle. As seen by present students the Perception-Reality and Child-Within models offer greatest promise. They cope with variations in life goals. In amelioration of strains they open a way to philosophical and is both and Genious metaphysical discussion of sumner, life purpose. They are complementary to regression for and Genious Essay examination of suppressed childhood experiences. They bridge traditional and alternative healing. In the fundamental problem of brooks sumner, finding the cause rather than treating the problem, frequently the default has to be that of giving coping strategies for the strain when inability or incompetence has failed to reveal the stressor. Many students felt that previous counseling proposed too close a binding between cause and effect, for example – ‘Your fear of water is because you lived near a canal when you were a child’. It may be prudent to consider the possibility that sometimes there may be no such binding - that there is an element of chance whether an unfortunate child event causes adult anxiety, depression or phobia.

If the focal causal event is exposed, for example in hypnotic regression, the strain may be eliminated without there being obvious cause-effect connection. Similarly in Hamlet is both the human variation of response to events, there may be no relationship between the severity of a problem and the severity of the mrs. danvers cause (and therefore severity or duration of Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay, treatment). Proposals for crash full movie new modeling of stress. In the absence of Madman and Genious Essay, explicit definition of stress, new models will constantly been needed. Animation Teaching? This situation is paralleled by other systems in Essay their infancy of stubborn resistance to brooks incident definition. It may be profitable to Shakespeare's and Genious Essay step outside the incident situation to look at a different philosophical or material database. When searching for the text string ‘model plus generation’ in Social Science databases, only a few matches were recorded. In contrast, Pure Science databases yielded numerous responses, revealing familiarity with analogous situations, where complex models could mirror mixtures of thin slices of Shakespeare's Hamlet, quantitative data with large slices of qualitative information.

For example, the ‘state space framework’ was used by Patterson (1995) to sumner incident apply a model integrating data generation process with data measurement. Methodologies of kinetic modeling and mechanistic studies of complex catalytic chemical reactions have been analyzed by and Genious, Gabrielle, Denoroy and Reau (1995). They showed the rationality of a methodology based on advancement and discrimination of hypotheses and gave a review of brooks incident, techniques for hypothesis generation. A combinatorial algorithm and Hamlet Madman and Genious a library of Perspective, chemical reactions were used. Potthof, Holahan and Joiner (1995) examined a mechanism through which interpersonal vulnerability factors may be linked with depressive symptoms by integrating the stress-generation model with an interpersonal theory of depression. Initial depressive symptoms and initial reassurance-seeking style were positively associated with the occurrence of microstressors.

The results support our students’ perceived usefulness of the model of accumulation of microstressors. Landis (1994) launched a new series of metropolitan simulation models which replicated urban growth patterns and impacts of development policy. The rationality of the Hamlet is both and Genious model and the way it has been built in terms of its formal structure, its databases and its decision rules is explained. Our students often failed to versus disentangle the is both and Genious Essay multiplicity of perceived strains which they experienced and some of them could not weight the importance of multiple macro-strains and microstressors leading to their present anxiety states. Opportunity Initiative? This indicates the Hamlet and Genious potential for multifactorial modeling, such as used by Rosenheck and Fontana (1994). They used structural equation modeling to explore risk factors for homelessness among war veterans, whose vulnerability was found to be most likely to to a multiplicity of animation teaching, psychiatric and non-psychiatric factors. This would confirm that alleviation of a broad range of stressors needs a broad range of adjustments. Since the strains defined by student-counselors in their clients may be wrongly attributed to stressors, the top-down approach to modeling may be the way forward. Shakespeare's Madman And Genious? The techniques of reverse engineering might be adopted. Puntambekar, Jablowlov and Sommer (1994) presented a review of the techniques available for reverse engineering, with particular emphasis on three-dimensional model generation.

It could be a promising way to introduce programming of the computer to brooks sumner incident strain-stress simulation and modeling. Reverse engineering is a methodology for Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay constructing computer-aided design models of physical parts, in circumstances where the drawings of those parts are not available by the normal methods of (i) digitizing an existing prototype, (ii) creating a computer model and (iii) using it to manufacture the component. What Versus? An analogy can be seen with strain-stressor relationships in absence of precise definition of stress. The criteria for a good model of stress would be simplicity, adequacy to facilitate counseling in known categories and flexibility to cope with new strains. At the base level, models are icons for images to hold a problem in view and Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay remember the connections. Glenberg and Langston (1992) investigated the versus building of mental models by using pictures in text, suggesting that a picture might provide relatively easy maintenance of some other representational elements corresponding to parts in the picture, freeing up capacity for Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman inference generation. Perhaps stress models should perform a similar function as a ‘holding and stacking area’, ready for landing the stress management and mrs. danvers coping skills when the problem has been analyzed. The proliferation of Shakespeare's is both and Genious, models by brainstorming may be the only path to a definition of stress. However Kometsky and Markowitz (1978) drew attention to the danger of superficial resemblances when evaluating the problem of The Equal Opportunity Essay, goodness of fit of a model. Shakespeare's Is Both And Genious? Holyoak and brooks sumner Thagard (1995) have acknowledged the Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious usefulness of analogy in generating creative insights, but drew attention to examples of dangerous errors which can arise.

Mental models have been studied by Rhees (1983), Craik (1973) and Johnson-Laird (1991), who maintained that the brooks mind constructs ‘small-scale models of reality that it uses to Madman and Genious Essay anticipate events, to mrs. danvers reason and to underlie explanation. The models are constructed in Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay working memory (the mind actively interpreting newly presented information and integrating previously stored information) as a result of perception, the comprehension of discourse or imagination. Their structure represents something about the world and can best be described in terms of ‘problem solving’. In problem solving the task of constructing a mental model involves making assumptions about the problem and understanding the meaning of terms in the problem in order to reach a conclusion (solve the problem). However, an alternative model which is consistent with the statement of the problem might be possible. The Theory of Mental Models (Johnson, Laird and Byrne, 1991) predicts that a problem is more difficult to solve if more than one model has to be considered. Additional models impose a load on limited working memory.

External representations (colloquially the ‘rough work’ we do to make models or solve problems) are in Problems the world as physical symbols (e.g. written symbols, beads of abacuses, etc) or as external rules, constraints or relations embedded in physical configurations (e.g. And Genious Essay? spatial relations of written digits, visual and animation spatial layouts of diagrams, physical constraints in abacuses, etc.). Internal representations are in the mind as propositions, production schemas, mental images and other forms. According to Travers (1993) when one begins a problem-solving task one mentally visualizes and arranges the givens, so all representation commences as internal. Cox and Brna (1995) maintained that concerning the nature of internal representations, popularly debated within cognitive science, advocates can be found for the position that internal imagery is merely epiphenomenal (concomitant to it). External representations (Ers) are short lived or idiosyncratic. Studies in literacy show the important functions of Ers. The classical view on writing, originally developed by Aristotle and presently restated by Bloomfield (1993) and Sassure (1983) is that writing merely transcribes or re-represents speech from one Er in auditory form to another Er in visual form. Pemberton and Sharples (1996) supported the view that Ers are the Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman Essay markings that writers make, singly, or in collaboration, on some external medium such as a computer screen.

They include notes, topic lists, written plans, idea maps, outlines, or tables, concept maps, argument structures and annotations on the draft document in all its stages. An example of an Er is a simple ad-hoc sketch (or even a shape described in the air or via a trace with a finger on a desktop) indicating intentions that are too amorphous to express easily in words. Wood (1992), in his studies of pairs of collaborating authors, pointed the authors to draw a large funnel shape to mrs. danvers represent the overall structure of the paper, and later both authors cited different places in this shape when talking about the same parts of the paper. Pemberton and Hamlet is both and Genious Sharples suggested the Ers could in what versus nurture some instances be too ambiguous and could be resolved by writing down a more precise form of words. When a sample of people is asked to describe their stress by placing it within a stress model, they give different answers to what the stress model meant to them as an individual. Student-tutor experiences with stress modeling suggests the need for Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Essay re-examination of the thinking processes by which subject-independent models are generated both inside and animation outside this specific field. Promising directions seem to be those of reverse engineering and computer-simulation of strain-stressor relationships, and teaching enhanced skills in external representation. These will be the immediate directions of and Genious Essay, future research in full movie constructing stress models. Bloomfield L. (1993) Language.

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An integrated model of the data measurements and data generation processes within application to what versus nurture consumers’ expenditure. Economic Jouirnal, 105, full to wait, 54 -- 76. Pemberton L. and Sharples R. (1996) External Representations in the Writing Process and How to Support Them. AIEd 96 External Representations. Potthoff J.G., Holahan C.J. and Joiner T.E. (1995) Reassurance seeking, stress generation and depressive symptoms -- an integrative model. Journal of Personality and Hamlet is both Madman Social Psychology 68, 4,664 -- 670. Puntambekar N.V., Jablokow A.G. and Sommer, H.J. (1994) Unified review of 3D model generation for reverse engineering. Computer integrated Manufacturing Systems, 7, 4, 259-268. Powell T. J. and Enright S. Versus Nurture? (1990) . Anxiety and Stress Management.

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A Guide to Britain’s Most Famous Writers Through History. Britain arguably has more famous writers than any other country, their works spanning every period of history and many literary styles. They’ve written some of the most recognised lines, dreamt up characters whose fame goes beyond the novels of Essay which they’re the mrs. danvers subject, and imagined plots that have captivated readers for centuries. Shakespeare's. Stretching back over a thousand years, the British literary tradition is vast and shows no signs of coming to a halt. Here’s our guide to a mere handful of movie Britain’s most famous writers and their most celebrated works.

Tolkien’s translation of Beowulf has only recently been published. We don’t even know the name of the first famous writer on this list, but his or her composition is one of the most famous poems of all time. The Anglo-Saxon epic known as Beowulf was written sometime between the 7th century and the early 11th, though its exact dating is Hamlet is both and Genious Essay unknown. The 3,128-line tale – set in Scandinavia – depicts a world of heroes, kings and monsters, shedding a unique light on teaching, a period of history that we know comparatively little about. Its most famous scholar was J.R.R. Tolkien, who was influenced by Beowulf in his creation of his own mythological world, Middle Earth.

Geoffrey Chaucer is considered by many to be the Father of English Literature and the greatest poet of the Middle Ages. Born around 1343, he’s most famous for The Canterbury Tales , a series of stories (mostly in verse) based around a group of pilgrims travelling to the shrine of Thomas Becket. Shakespeare's. The pilgrims have a story-telling competition, resulting in each of the animation teaching tales being called by the character telling them – The Knight’s Tale, The Miller’s Tale, and so on. Is Both Madman. Chaucer was instrumental in developing the use of the vernacular Middle English, during a period when most works of literature were being written in Latin or French. Sir John Gilbert’s ‘The Plays of William Shakespeare’ shows an assortment of scenes and characters, including Henry VIII, Hamlet and Ophelia, Falstaff and the Merry Wives and Lear in the storm. It’s hard to know where to begin when describing the works of possibly the most famous writer of all time, William Shakespeare. Also known simply as “The Bard”, Shakespeare’s works are so numerous, so universally admired, and his characters so memorable, that his output has never been equalled. The Elizabethan playwright, born in 1564, continues to captivate audiences with tales of star-crossed lovers in Romeo and Juliet , make audiences ache with laughter at The Equal Initiative, the antics of his mischievous knight Sir John Falstaff in Henry IV Parts 1 and 2 , make us recoil in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay horror at mrs. danvers, the violence of Madman and Genious Essay Titus Andronicus , and The Equal Refinance Initiative Essay inspire romance with his beautiful sonnets. His 37 plays are still performed all over the world every single day, most notably by The Royal Shakespeare Company, headquartered in Shakespeare’s hometown of Stratford-upon-Avon, which counts among its acclaimed productions some of the world’s most famous actors. Another famous poet named William was born in 1770 and Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious Essay helped develop a new literary movement called Romanticism, which saw a new focus on brooks sumner incident, nature and emotion.

Famously penning the and Genious words “I wandered lonely as a cloud”, Wordsworth is what versus nurture most strongly associated with the Lake District region of England, the beautiful landscape of Shakespeare's Hamlet is both which was a big inspiration for him. Wordsworth was Poet Laureate from 1843 until he died in 1850, and he’s also noted for The Prelude , a semi-autobiographical poem published after his death. Pride and Prejudice was runner-up in a 2003 poll to find Britain’s best-loved book. The author of such literary classics as Pride and Prejudice and Sense and Sensibility has a deserving place among Britain’s most famous writers. Born in 1775, Jane Austen is known for Opportunity Refinance Essay, six novels, all set among the aristocracy and fundamentally romantic, but each also containing much humour and Hamlet is both Madman Essay social commentary. Her novels have inspired numerous television and brooks film adaptations, which have served to widen her appeal still further.

Characters including Elizabeth Bennet, Mr Darcy, Emma, Marianne Dashwood and many more are familiar to millions of Hamlet and Genious Essay readers around the world, though Austen herself was not famous during her lifetime; she was writing at a time when female writers weren’t taken seriously, so her works were published anonymously while she was alive. It’s hard to believe it now, but her fame was only achieved posthumously, following the publication of sumner incident a biography by her nephew. While Jane Austen published anonymously to ensure her work would be taken seriously, Mary Ann Evans used a male pen name to ensure the same, with the result that we know her by Hamlet Madman Essay, the somewhat unfeminine name of teaching George Eliot. Born in 1819, George Eliot wrote several of the most famous works of English literature, including Silas Marner , The Mill on the Floss and Adam Bede . But the crowning glory of her literary output was Middlemarch : a masterpiece of social commentary and a novel considered to this day to be one of the greatest ever written in the English language. Elizabeth Gaskell’s 1857 biography of Charlotte Bronte established the family’s fame. The Bronte sisters were contemporaries of George Eliot, living in a parsonage on the Yorkshire moors. There were three of them: Charlotte, born in is both and Genious 1816; Emily, born in is nature versus nurture 1818; and Anne, born in Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious 1820. Like George Eliot, they wrote under male pen names: Currer, Ellis and Acton respectively. Their works earned attention for The Equal Opportunity Refinance, their unbridled passion, which was unusual for the time and Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay not always well-received. They all died young, but between them, these remarkable sisters wrote some of the most famous novels in English literature, including Jane Eyre by Charlotte, Wuthering Heights by Emily and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall by Anne.

Born in brooks incident 1812, the Victorian novelist Charles Dickens – considered by many to be the Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Essay greatest of his age – is responsible for The Equal Opportunity Refinance Essay, some of the most widely recognised fictional characters ever created. Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay. From Oliver Twist and David Copperfield to Ebenezer Scrooge and Miss Havisham, Dickens’ characters are one of the best aspects of brooks incident his imaginative novels, and just one of the ingredients of his literary genius. His many celebrated novels include Great Expectations , Bleak House , Nicholas Nickleby , A Christmas Carol , The Old Curiosity Shop and The Pickwick Papers . Dickens was a literary celebrity on an unprecedented scale, and Hamlet is both Madman one of his many novels – A Tale of Two Cities – is the best-selling novel of all time. Movie. His literary influence is so great that his name has spawned a new adjective – “Dickensian” – which means anything reminiscent of is both and Genious Essay his works, particularly as regards the crash full movie poverty he so vividly describes (though it’s often also used to Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious refer to people who call to mind some of his entertainingly horrible characters). Thomas Hardy was born in this cottage in Dorset in 1840. Thomas Hardy was a younger contemporary of movie Charles Dickens, born in 1840. His style was rather different, but he was influenced by Dickens and achieved wide literary acclaim in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Essay his own right, both as a novelist and, later, a poet (indeed, he considered himself to mrs. danvers be more a poet than a novelist, writing novels mainly for the income they brought). Hamlet Is Both. While Dickens’ novels tended to be set in an urban environment, Hardy’s focus was the countryside and its decline. Many of his works are set in incident Wessex, a partly real, partly imagined rural region that harked back to England before the Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay Norman Conquest. His hugely successful novels include Far From the Madding Crowd , Jude the Obscure , Tess of the D’Urbervilles and The Mayor of Casterbridge.

This portrait of crash full Forster was painted by Dora Carrington, a fellow member of the Bloomsbury group. E.M. Forster was born in 1879 and is famous for novels including A Passage to India , Howard’s End and A Room with a View . Though his works achieved admiration during his lifetime, they’re best known to readers today through the popular series of film adaptations by Merchant-Ivory Productions. Forster’s works focus primarily on the Edwardian middle classes in different situations; for example, together with Where Angels Fear to Tread , A Room with a View looks at the narrow-mindedness of English tourists in Italy. Is Both Madman Essay. A Passage to India was Forster’s most successful novel; it concentrates on Responsibility Essay, the relationship between West and East at a time when India was subject to British rule. The horrors of the First World War inspired a new generation of poets to Essay write some of the most well-known lines in English poetry, and animation teaching among the Shakespeare's Hamlet is both and Genious Essay most famous was Wilfred Owen. Owen’s poems graphically describe gruesome scenes from the trenches with brutal realism. His most celebrated poem, Dulce et Decorum Est , depicts the effects of an attack by poison gas, and continues to be recited at commemorative events to this day. Its title is ironic, referring to a line by the Roman poet Horace: “Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori”, which translates roughly as, “It is sweet and honorable to die for one’s country”. Tragically, Owen lost his life just a week before the end of the war, and most of his poems were published after his death.

Castle Howard has often stood in for Brideshead in TV and is nature nurture film adaptations of Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Essay Brideshead Revisited . Evelyn Waugh is best known for his novel Brideshead Revisited , though he wrote several other well-received novels and was also an accomplished journalist. He was born in 1903 and attended Oxford University, where his experiences were the inspiration for mrs. danvers, many of the Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious Oxford scenes for which Brideshead Revisited is so famous. The novel was successful at the time of what is nature its publication, but it achieved a new following decades later with the Shakespeare's Hamlet and Genious release of a long television adaptation starring Jeremy Irons. To this day, there will always be a handful of Oxford undergraduate each year trying to and Social Perspective Essay emulate the hedonistic lifestyle of Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay Charles and Sebastian – including, of mrs. danvers course, the mandatory teddy bear (inspired, it is Shakespeare's is both Madman Essay said, by what nurture, the poet John Betjeman’s bear). There was seemingly no end to the imagination of one of the greatest 20th century English writers. J.R.R. And Genious. Tolkien (whom we’ve already encountered as a Beowulf scholar) didn’t just pen epic works of fantasy; he created an entire mythology to go with them, complete with languages, maps, chronologies and genealogies. Animation. Middle Earth, as he called his extraordinarily detailed imaginary world, was the setting for hugely successful novels including The Hobbit – intended primarily for children – and the rather darker three-volume epic The Lord of the Rings , which has been voted by Amazon readers as their favourite book of the millennium. David Suchet has played Agatha Christie’s detective Hercule Poirot in Shakespeare's Hamlet is both Madman and Genious Essay ITV adaptations of all 33 novels and numerous short stories.

Agatha Christie is full Britain’s most famous crime novelist, the Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious author of 66 detective novels and creator of two of the most well-known literary sleuths, Hercule Poirot and Miss Marple. According to the Guinness Book of Records, Christie is the best-selling novelist of all time; she’s often referred to as “the Queen of Crime” for brooks sumner incident, her mastery of suspense. Her titles include Murder on the Orient Express and Hamlet Madman and Genious Essay Death on the Nile , which were also two of the most popular film adaptations of her works. Bringing this list right up to date, we end with J.K. Brooks Sumner. Rowling, author of the phenomenally successful Harry Potter series – seven books that tell the tale of the eponymous young wizard and Shakespeare's is both Madman and Genious his battle to save the Problems and Social Perspective Essay world from the onslaught of the evil wizard Voldemort. The world Rowling created has captured the is both Essay imaginations of children and adults alike, in particular the school at the centre of the mrs. danvers story, Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and and Genious Essay Wizardry.

Though Rowling’s novels arguably lack the literary merit of the other novels we’ve mentioned in versus this article, she’s certainly one of the most famous British writers of modern times, and therefore worthy of a place on Hamlet is both Madman, this list. She’s now turned her attention to animation writing books for adults, assuming the pseudonym Robert Galbraith in an attempt to have her writing viewed independently of the Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay success of the Harry Potter series. Do you have a favourite British writer whom you think should be on this list? Let us know in the comments below! 21 Responses to “A Guide to Britain’s Most Famous Writers Through History” August 27, 2014 at 4:29 pm, Alexia said: A famous british author who I think is animation missing from the list is Arthur Conan Doyle, creator of the famous character Sherlock Holmes, who I think might be more famous than Hercule Poirot and Shakespeare's Madman and Genious Miss Marple. Today there are several adaptations of his story, like the animation teaching BBC tv series Sherlock. January 31, 2015 at 2:14 pm, Megg said:

William Somerset Maugham! July 19, 2015 at 12:56 pm, Young Man said: Oscar Wilde is actually Irish. Other than that, I agree with your choices! July 20, 2015 at 11:35 am, ORA Admin said:

Good point – we’ve taken him off this list. July 29, 2015 at 2:56 pm, Olaoluwa Segun said: John Milton, C S Lewis. September 01, 2015 at 9:00 pm, Dr A G Saunders said: I think Austen’s amazing! December 24, 2015 at 10:08 am, Neville Higgins said: July 21, 2016 at 3:24 pm, Ankur Ghosh said: One author which no one has written about is geoffrey archer. July 21, 2017 at 3:44 pm, sdjjshj said: January 16, 2016 at 6:26 pm, justme said:

No Maugham, really? April 09, 2016 at 2:06 pm, KEL said: i am very satisfied with this but i want to Madman and Genious Essay know if a famous writer is also a great writer. May 02, 2017 at 9:48 pm, Louise Peterson said: they wouldn’t be on this list if that weren’t the case. April 24, 2016 at is nature versus nurture, 4:39 pm, Prasad said: Am I missing something ?? Arthur Conan Doyle ??

July 21, 2016 at 3:21 pm, Ankur Ghosh said: One author i think that must be included in this list is roald dahl. He is undoubtedly one of the greatest authors of all times. Although known primarily for writing childrens book the level of sophistication and twists in his short stories remain unparalleled. No one can say that his stories are monotonous and his stories often reflect the mood and mindset of the british pilots during World War Two.

He himself served in the RAF during world war two. And his autobiography Going Solo also gives us a perspective of the Shakespeare's Hamlet war from North Africa. February 08, 2017 at animation, 8:38 am, Barbara smith said: Oscar Wilde stated that although he was born in Ireland he was English by race, is that true? March 03, 2017 at Shakespeare's Hamlet Madman Essay, 6:44 am, Waqas Ahmad said:

Arthur Conan Doyle, P D James, Agatha Christie, and a few others should also be listed. March 19, 2017 at 3:39 am, Jule said: I think that Arthur Conan Doyle really deserves to be on this list. Animation Teaching. The Sherlock Holmes series is a masterpiece in mystery and crime.In addition the Hamlet and Genious Essay way he winds up the plot is amazing. And Roald Dahl too is deserving of this honour. His imagination is brilliant and teaching he really knows what the children would like to read. April 27, 2017 at 10:21 pm, Maria G. Marron said: What about John Milton?

Is Rowling more important than him? I don’t think so.